Genetic basis of resistance to sugarcane mosaic virus in European maize germplasm
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Sugarcane mosaic virus (SCMV) causes considerable damage to maize (Zea mays L.) in Europe. The objective of the present study was to determine the genetic basis of resistance to SCMV in European maize germplasm and to compare it with that of U.S. inbred Pa405. Three resistant European inbreds D21, D32, and FAP1360A were crossed with four susceptible inbreds F7, KW1292, D408, and D145 to produce four F2 populations and three backcrosses to the susceptible parent. Screening for SCMV resistance in parental inbreds and segregating generations was done in two field trials as well as under greenhouse conditions. RFLP markers umc85, bnl6.29, umc10, umc44, and SSR marker phi075 were used in F2 populations or F3 lines to locate the resistance gene(s) in the maize genome. Segregation in the F2 and backcross generations fitted to different gene models depending on the environmental conditions and the genotype of the susceptible parent. In the field tests, resistance in the three resistant European inbreds seems to be controlled by two to three genes. Under greenhouse conditions, susceptibility to SCMV in D32 appears to be governed by one dominant and one recessive gene. Allelism tests indicated the presence of a common dominant gene (denoted as Scm1) in all three resistant European inbreds and Pa405. Marker analyses mapped two dominant genes: Scm1 on chromosome 6S and Scm2 on chromosome 3.
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