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Multiple alleles for zucchini yellow mosaic virus resistance at the zym locus in cucumber

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 Sources of resistance to several potyviruses have been identified and characterized within the cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) germplasm. Resistance to zucchini yellow mosaic virus (ZYMV) is present in inbred lines derived from the Dutch hybrid Dina (Dina-1) and from the Chinese cultivar ‘Taichung Mou Gua’ (TMG-1). Tests of allelism indicated that the genes for resistance to ZYMV in TMG-1 and Dina-1 are at the same locus; however, the two genotypes exhibited different phenotypes in response to cotyledon inoculation with ZYMV. Dina-1 exhibited a distinct veinal chlorosis and accumulation of virus limited to the first and/or second true leaves, while TMG-1 remained symptom-free and did not accumulate virus. The distinct veinal chlorosis phenotype in Dina-1 was dominant to the symptom-free phenotype in TMG-1 and was shown not to be due to a separate gene. These results indicate that a series of alleles differing in effectiveness and dominance relationships occurs at the zym locus such that Zym>zym Dina>zym TMG-1. In addition to ZYMV resistance, TMG-1 is also resistant to watermelon mosaic virus (WMV), the watermelon strain of papaya ringspot virus (PRSV-W) and the Moroccan watermelon mosaic virus (MWMV); the WMV and MWMV resistances are at the same locus, or tightly linked to the zym locus. Dina-1 also was found to be resistant to PRSV-W and MWMV. The gene for MWMV resistance in Dina-1 appeared to be at the same locus or tightly linked (<1% recombination) to the gene for ZYMV resistance. In contrast to the response to ZYMV inoculation, Dina-1 does not exhibit distinct veinal chlorosis when inoculated with PRSV-W or MWMV. Collectively, these observations suggest that the gene(s) conferring resistance to ZYMV, WMV, and MWMV may be part of a gene cluster for potyvirus resistance in cucumber.

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Received: 12 November 1996 / Accepted: 25 April 1997

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Kabelka, E., Ullah, Z. & Grumet, R. Multiple alleles for zucchini yellow mosaic virus resistance at the zym locus in cucumber. Theor Appl Genet 95, 997–1004 (1997).

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