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Construction and characterization of a papaya BAC library as a foundation for molecular dissection of a tree-fruit genome

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A bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library was constructed from high-molecular-weight DNA isolated from young leaves of papaya (Carica papaya L.). This BAC library consists of 39168 clones from two separate ligation reactions. The average insert size of the library is 132 kb; 96.5% of the 18700 clones from the first ligation contained inserts that averaged 86 kb in size, 95.7% of the 20468 clones from the second ligation contained inserts that averaged 174 kb in size. Two sorghum chloroplast probes hybridized separately to the library and revealed a total of 504 chloroplast clones or 1.4% of the library. The entire BAC library was estimated to provide 13.7× papaya-genome equivalents, excluding the false-positive and chloroplast clones. High-density filters were made containing 94% or 36864 clones of the library with 12.7× papaya-genome equivalents. Eleven papaya-cDNA and ten Arabidopsis-cDNA probes detected an average of 22.8 BACs per probe in the library. Because of its relatively small genome (372 Mbp/1 C) and its ability to produce ripe fruit 9 to 15 months after planting, papaya shows promise as a model plant for studying genes that affect fruiting characters. A rapid approach to locating fruit-controlling genes will be to assemble a physical map based on BAC contigs to which ESTs have hybridized. A physical map of the papaya genome will significantly enhance our capacity to clone and manipulate genes of economic importance.

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Received: 11 April 2000 / Accepted: 28 July 2000

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Ming, R., Moore, P., Zee, F. et al. Construction and characterization of a papaya BAC library as a foundation for molecular dissection of a tree-fruit genome. Theor Appl Genet 102, 892–899 (2001).

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