A stable and major QTL, which mapped to an approximately 20.0 cM region on pea chromosome 4, was identified as the most consistent region conferring partial resistance to Aphanomyces euteiches.
Aphanomyces root rot (ARR), caused by Aphanomyces euteiches Drechs., is a destructive soilborne disease of field pea (Pisum Sativum L.). No completely resistant pea germplasm is available, and current ARR management strategies rely on partial resistance and fungicidal seed treatments. In this study, an F8 recombinant inbred line population of 135 individuals from the cross ‘Reward’ (susceptible) × ‘00-2067’ (tolerant) was evaluated for reaction to ARR under greenhouse conditions with the A. euteiches isolate Ae-MDCR1 and over 2 years in a field nursery in Morden, Manitoba. Root rot severity, foliar weight, plant vigor and height were used as estimates of tolerance to ARR. Genotyping was conducted with a 13.2 K single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array and 222 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. Statistical analyses of the phenotypic data indicated significant (P < 0.001) genotypic effects and significant G × E interactions (P < 0.05) in all experiments. After filtering, 3050 (23.1%) of the SNP and 30 (13.5%) of the SSR markers were retained for linkage analysis, which distributed 2999 (2978 SNP + 21 SSR) of the markers onto nine linkage groups representing the seven chromosomes of pea. Mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL) identified 8 major-effect (R2 > 20%), 13 moderate-effect (10% < R2 < 20%) effect and 6 minor-effect (R2 < 10%) QTL. A genomic region on chromosome 4, delimited by the SNP markers PsCam037549_22628_1642 and PsCam026054_14999_2864, was identified as the most consistent region responsible for partial resistance to A. euteiches isolate Ae-MDCR1. Other genomic regions important for resistance were of the order chromosome 5, 6 and 7.
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The Canadian Agricultural Partnership (CAP) provided financial support for this research under project # 1000210132. The University of Alberta and Alberta Agriculture and Forestry (Crop Diversification Centre North) provided in-kind support, including access to greenhouse facilities and molecular laboratory equipment. Waldo C. Penner and Dennis B. Stoesz provided technical help, while Dr. Kenneth B. McRae helped in field designs and provided statistical advice on the analysis of the field research results.
Institutions supporting this project are indicated in the acknowledgements section.
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Wu, L., Fredua-Agyeman, R., Hwang, SF. et al. Mapping QTL associated with partial resistance to Aphanomyces root rot in pea (Pisum sativum L.) using a 13.2 K SNP array and SSR markers. Theor Appl Genet 134, 2965–2990 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-021-03871-6