Two soybean QDRL were identified with additive interaction to P. sansomeana isolate MPS17-22. Further analyses uncovered four interaction patterns between the two QDRL and seven additional P. sansomeana isolates.
Phytophthora sansomeana is a recently recognized species that contributes to root rot in soybean. Previous studies indicated that P. sansomeana is widely distributed among soybean growing regions and has a much wider host range than P. sojae, a well-known pathogen of soybean. Unlike P. sojae, no known disease resistance genes have been documented that can effectively control P. sansomeana. Therefore, it is important to identify resistance that can be quickly integrated into future soybean varieties. E13901 is an improved soybean line that confers partial resistance to P. sansomeana. A mapping population of 228 F4:5 families was developed from a cross between E13901 and a susceptible improved soybean variety E13390. Using a composite interval mapping method, two quantitative disease resistance loci (QDRL) were identified on Chromosomes 5 (designated qPsan5.1) and 16 (designated qPsan16.1), respectively. qPsan5.1 was mapped at 54.71 cM between Gm05_32565157_T_C and Gm05_32327497_T_C. qPsan5.1 was contributed by E13390 and explained about 6% of the disease resistance variation. qPsan16.1 was located at 39.01 cM between Gm16_35700223_G_T and Gm16_35933600/ Gm16_35816475. qPsan16.1 was from E13901 and could explain 5.5% of partial disease resistance. Further analysis indicated an additive interaction of qPsan5.1 and qPsan16.1 against P. sansomeana isolate MPS17-22. Marker assisted resistance spectrum analysis and progeny tests verified the two QDRL and their interaction patterns with other P. sansomeana isolates. Both QDRL can be quickly integrated into soybean varieties using marker assisted selection.
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We thank the funding support from Michigan Soybean Promotion Committee, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture (Hatch project 1011788) and AgBioResearch at Michigan State University (Project No. MICL02013). We are also thankful to the Overseas Training Program for Young-Backbone Teachers of Hebei Agricultural University to WL. We are also thankful to University Grants Commission (UGC), India, for providing Raman Postdoctoral Fellowship (5-20/2016(IC)) to SHW. We also thank YB, RT, and SZ for their help in creating and maintaining the mapping populations.
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Lin, F., Li, W., McCoy, A.G. et al. Molecular mapping of quantitative disease resistance loci for soybean partial resistance to Phytophthora sansomeana. Theor Appl Genet 134, 1977–1987 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-021-03799-x