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Germplasms, genetics and genomics for better control of disastrous wheat Fusarium head blight

Abstract

Fusarium head blight (FHB), or scab, for its devastating nature to wheat production and food security, has stimulated worldwide attention. Multidisciplinary efforts have been made to fight against FHB for a long time, but the great progress has been achieved only in the genomics era of the past 20 years, particularly in the areas of resistance gene/QTL discovery, resistance mechanism elucidation and molecular breeding for better resistance. This review includes the following nine main sections, (1) FHB incidence, epidemic and impact, (2) causal Fusarium species, distribution and virulence, (3) types of host resistance to FHB, (4) germplasm exploitation for FHB resistance, (5) genetic control of FHB resistance, (6) fine mapping of Fhb1, Fhb2, Fhb4 and Fhb5, (7) cloning of Fhb1, (8) omics-based gene discovery and resistance mechanism study and (9) breeding for better FHB resistance. The advancements that have been made are outstanding and exciting; however, judged by the complicated nature of resistance to hemi-biotrophic pathogens like Fusarium species and lack of immune germplasm, it is still a long way to go to overcome FHB.

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Acknowledgements

This research was partially supported by grants from National Natural Science Foundation of China (31930081, 30025030, 30430440, 30721140555, 31030054, 30671295 and 31501306), the Ministry of Science and Technology of China (2016YFD0101004, 2016YFD0101802, 2009ZX08009-049B, 2002AA224161), and Jiangsu collaborative innovation initiative for modern crop production. We have tried hard to summarize all the excellent researches in the related field, but omission still exists due to the scope.

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ZQM made the concept, edited and approved the manuscript, GQL, QX and JYZ prepared the draft, HYJ, ZXK, NL, and YY reviewed the paper.

Correspondence to Zhengqiang Ma.

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Ma, Z., Xie, Q., Li, G. et al. Germplasms, genetics and genomics for better control of disastrous wheat Fusarium head blight. Theor Appl Genet (2020) doi:10.1007/s00122-019-03525-8

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