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Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 131, Issue 4, pp 757–773 | Cite as

Integration of sudden death syndrome resistance loci in the soybean genome

  • Hao-Xun Chang
  • Mitchell G. Roth
  • Dechun Wang
  • Silvia R. Cianzio
  • David A. Lightfoot
  • Glen L. Hartman
  • Martin I. Chilvers
Review

Abstract

Key message

Complexity and inconsistencies in resistance mapping publications of soybean sudden death syndrome (SDS) result in interpretation difficulty. This review integrates SDS mapping literature and proposes a new nomenclature system for reproducible SDS resistance loci.

Abstract

Soybean resistance to sudden death syndrome (SDS) is composed of foliar resistance to phytotoxins and root resistance to pathogen invasion. There are more than 80 quantitative trait loci (QTL) and dozens of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with soybean resistance to SDS. The validity of these QTL and SNPs is questionable because of the complexity in phenotyping methodologies, the disease synergism between SDS and soybean cyst nematode (SCN), the variability from the interactions between soybean genotypes and environments, and the inconsistencies in the QTL nomenclature. This review organizes SDS mapping results and proposes the Rfv (resistance to Fusarium virguliforme) nomenclature based on supporting criteria described in the text. Among ten reproducible loci receiving our Rfv nomenclature, Rfv18-01 is mostly supported by field studies and it co-localizes to the SCN resistance locus rhg1. The possibility that Rfv18-01 is a pleiotropic resistance locus and the concern about Rfv18-01 being confounded with Rhg1 is discussed. On the other hand, Rfv06-01, Rfv06-02, Rfv09-01, Rfv13-01, and Rfv16-01 were identified both by screening soybean leaves against phytotoxic culture filtrates and by evaluating SDS severity in fields. Future phenotyping using leaf- and root-specific resistance screening methodologies may improve the precision of SDS resistance, and advanced genetic studies may further clarify the interactions among soybean genotypes, F. virguliforme, SCN, and environments. The review provides a summary of the SDS resistance literature and proposes a framework for communicating SDS resistance loci for future research considering molecular interactions and genetic breeding for soybean SDS resistance.

Abbreviations

Chr

Chromosome

GWAS

Genome-wide association study

LRR

Leucine-repeat rich

QTL

Quantitative trait loci

Rfv

Resistance to Fusarium virguliforme

Rhg

Resistance to Heterodera glycine

SCN

Soybean cyst nematode

SDS

Sudden death syndrome

SNPs

Single nucleotide polymorphisms

SSR

Simple sequence repeat

Notes

Acknowledgements

Funding was provide by North Central Soybean Research Program and Michigan Soybean Promotion Committee.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors claim no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

122_2018_3063_MOESM1_ESM.xlsx (66 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (XLSX 65kb)
122_2018_3063_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (45 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (PDF 44kb) Supplemental Fig.1. Pedigrees of ‘Forrest’, ‘Hartwig’, and ‘Pyramid’

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant, Soil and Microbial SciencesMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Genetics ProgramMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  3. 3.Department of AgronomyIowa State UniversityAmesUSA
  4. 4.Department of Plant, Soil and Agricultural SystemsSouthern Illinois UniversityCarbondaleUSA
  5. 5.Department of Crop SciencesUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbanaUSA
  6. 6.USDA-Agricultural Research ServiceUrbanaUSA

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