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Theoretical and Applied Genetics

, Volume 129, Issue 11, pp 2019–2042 | Cite as

Transcription factors involved in drought tolerance and their possible role in developing drought tolerant cultivars with emphasis on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

  • Vijay Gahlaut
  • Vandana Jaiswal
  • Anuj Kumar
  • Pushpendra Kumar Gupta
Review

Abstract

Key message

TFs involved in drought tolerance in plants may be utilized in future for developing drought tolerant cultivars of wheat and some other crops.

Abstract

Plants have developed a fairly complex stress response system to deal with drought and other abiotic stresses. These response systems often make use of transcription factors (TFs); a gene encoding a specific TF together with -its target genes constitute a regulon, and take part in signal transduction to activate/silence genes involved in response to drought. Since, five specific families of TFs (out of >80 known families of TFs) have gained widespread attention on account of their significant role in drought tolerance in plants, TFs and regulons belonging to these five multi-gene families (AP2/EREBP, bZIP, MYB/MYC, NAC and WRKY) have been described and their role in improving drought tolerance discussed in this brief review. These TFs often undergo reversible phosphorylation to perform their function, and are also involved in complex networks. Therefore, some details about reversible phosphorylation of TFs by different protein kinases/phosphatases and the co-regulatory networks, which involve either only TFs or TFs with miRNAs, have also been discussed. Literature on transgenics involving genes encoding TFs and that on QTLs and markers associated with TF genes involved in drought tolerance has also been reviewed. Throughout the review, there is a major emphasis on wheat as an important crop, although examples from the model cereal rice (sometimes maize also), and the model plant Arabidopsis have also been used. This knowledge base may eventually allow the use of TF genes for development of drought tolerant cultivars, particularly in wheat.

Keywords

Transgenic Plant Drought Stress Drought Tolerance Transcription Factor Gene WRKY Domain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors like to thank The Head, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, CCS University (Meerut, India) for providing facilities. PKG was awarded a National Academy of Sciences India (NASI) Senior Scientist Platinum Jubilee Fellowship, and INSA Senior Scientist positions during the tenure of which this review was written; VG was awarded a Junior Research Fellowship under the same program, and was later awarded the position of SRF/RA under a DBT project. VJ is awarded with CSIR-Nehru Science Post Doc Fellowship. AK awarded a JRF under the scheme of DBT-BTISnet program and later awarded SRF in same program.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

122_2016_2794_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (527 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 527 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vijay Gahlaut
    • 1
  • Vandana Jaiswal
    • 1
    • 2
  • Anuj Kumar
    • 1
    • 3
  • Pushpendra Kumar Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Genetics and Plant BreedingCh. Charan Singh UniversityMeerutIndia
  2. 2.Plant Molecular Biology and Genetic EngineeringCSIR-National Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia
  3. 3.Advance Centre for Computational and Applied BiotechnologyUttarakhand Council for BiotechnologyDehradunIndia

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