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Inheritance of long staple fiber quality traits of Gossypium barbadense in G. hirsutum background using CSILs

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Abstract

Gossypium hirsutum is a high yield cotton species that exhibits only moderate performance in fiber qualities. A promising but challenging approach to improving its phenotypes is interspecific introgression, the transfer of valuable traits or genes from the germplasm of another species such as G. barbadense, an important cultivated extra long staple cotton species. One set of chromosome segment introgression lines (CSILs) was developed, where TM-1, the genetic standard in G. hirsutum, was used as the recipient parent and the long staple cotton G. barbadense Hai7124 was used as the donor parent by molecular marker-assisted selection (MAS) in BC5S1–4 and BC4S1–3 generations. After four rounds of MAS, the CSIL population was comprised of 174 lines containing 298 introgressed segments, of which 86 (49.4%) lines had single introgressed segments. The total introgressed segment length covered 2,948.7 cM with an average length of 16.7 cM and represented 83.3% of tetraploid cotton genome. The CSILs were highly varied in major fiber qualities. By integrated analysis of data collected in four environments, a total of 43 additive quantitative trait loci (QTL) and six epistatic QTL associated with fiber qualities were detected by QTL IciMapping 3.0 and multi-QTL joint analysis. Six stable QTL were detected in various environments. The CSILs developed and the analyses presented here will enhance the understanding of the genetics of fiber qualities in long staple G. barbadense and facilitate further molecular breeding to improve fiber quality in Upland cotton.

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Acknowledgments

This study is supported by grants from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30730067), the Priority Academic Program Development of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions and Jiangsu Postdoctor Natural Science Foundation (0902022C).

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Correspondence to Tianzhen Zhang.

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Communicated by J. Wang.

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Wang, P., Zhu, Y., Song, X. et al. Inheritance of long staple fiber quality traits of Gossypium barbadense in G. hirsutum background using CSILs. Theor Appl Genet 124, 1415–1428 (2012). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-012-1797-7

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-012-1797-7

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