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Physical mapping of the Rf 1 fertility-restoring gene to a 100 kb region in cotton

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Cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) plays an important role in crop heterosis exploitation. Determining one or more nuclear genes that can restore male fertility to CMS is essential for developing hybrid cultivars. Genetic and physical mapping is the standard technique required for isolating these restoration genes. By screening 2,250 simple sequence repeat (SSR) primer pairs in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.), we identified five new SSR markers that are closely linked to the Rf 1 gene, a fertility restorer gene of cotton for CMS-D2. Based on our previous fine mapping of the Rf 1 gene and assemblage of three published STS markers, we constructed a high-resolution genetic map of Rf 1 containing 13 markers in a genetic distance of 0.9 cM. The 13 molecular markers were used to screen a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library from a restorer line 0-613-2R containing Rf 1 gene, which yielded 50 single positive clones. There was an average of 3.8 clones ranging from 1 to 12 BAC clones per PCR marker. These 50 clones produced an average insert size of 120 kb (ranging between 80 and 225 kb). Thirty-five primer pairs were designed based on 38 sequences of BAC ends, and two new STS markers tightly linked to Rf 1 gene have been tagged and integrated into this map. The physical map for the Rf 1 gene was constructed by fingerprinting the positive clones digested with the HindIII enzyme. We were able to delimit the possible location of the Rf 1 gene to a minimum of two BAC clones spanning an interval of approximately 100 kb between two clones designated 081-05K and 052-01N. Further work using these two BAC clones will lead to isolation of the Rf 1 gene in cotton.

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Cytoplasmic male sterility


Bacterial artificial chromosome


Sequence-tagged site


Polymerase chain reaction


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This program was financially supported in part by grants from The Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University and the National Natural Science Foundation (30025029) of China. We thank Dr. John Z Yu, USDA-ARS, Southern Plains Agriculture Research Center, Crop Germplasm Research Unit, College Station, TX, USA, and Jiang Xiaojian, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, China for the help for the uses of FPC (Version7.2) software.

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Correspondence to Tianzhen Zhang.

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Communicated by G. Wenzel

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Yin, J., Guo, W., Yang, L. et al. Physical mapping of the Rf 1 fertility-restoring gene to a 100 kb region in cotton. Theor Appl Genet 112, 1318–1325 (2006).

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