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Quantitative trait loci for yield and related traits in the wheat population Ning7840 × Clark

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Abstract

Grain yield and associated agronomic traits are important factors in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) improvement. Knowledge regarding the number, genomic location, and effect of quantitative trait loci (QTL) would facilitate marker-assisted selection and the development of cultivars with desirable characteristics. Our objectives were to identify QTLs directly and indirectly affecting grain yield expression. A population of 132 F12 recombinant inbred lines (RILs) was derived by single-seed descent from a cross between the Chinese facultative wheat Ning7840 and the US soft red winter wheat Clark. Phenotypic data were collected for 15 yield and other agronomic traits in the RILs and parental lines from three locations in Oklahoma from 2001 to 2003. Twenty-nine linkage groups, consisting of 363 AFLP and 47 SSR markers, were identified. Using composite interval mapping (CIM) analysis, 10, 16, 30, and 14 QTLs were detected for yield, yield components, plant adaptation (shattering and lodging resistance, heading date, and plant height), and spike morphology traits, respectively. The QTL effects ranged from 7 to 23%. Marker alleles from Clark were associated with a positive effect for the majority of QTLs for yield and yield components, but gene dispersion was the rule rather than the exception for this RIL population. Often, QTLs were detected in proximal positions for different traits. Consistent, co-localized QTLs were identified in linkage groups 1AL, 1B, 4B, 5A, 6A, and 7A, and less consistent but unique QTLs were identified on 2BL, 2BS, 2DL, and 6B. Results of this study provide a benchmark for future efforts on QTL identification for yield traits.

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Acknowledgements

We gratefully acknowledge the contribution of Dr. G. Shaner, Purdue University (RIL population development), Drs. P. B. Cregan and Q. J. Song, USDA-ARS, Beltsville, MD (primers and sequence information of BARCs) and Dr. Röder, IPK, Gatersleben, Germany, (primers and sequences of XGWMs). Thank is also extended to the technical assistance of Mr. W. Whitmore (field experiment). Mention of trade names or commercial products in this article is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. A portion of this research was funded by the Oklahoma Wheat Research Foundation and the Oklahoma Agric. Exp. Stn.

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Correspondence to G. -H. Bai.

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Communicated by F. Salamini

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Marza, F., Bai, G.H., Carver, B.F. et al. Quantitative trait loci for yield and related traits in the wheat population Ning7840 × Clark. Theor Appl Genet 112, 688–698 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-005-0172-3

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