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Seed quality QTL in a prominent soybean population

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Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] is a versatile crop due to its multitude of uses as a high protein meal and vegetable oil. Soybean seed traits such as seed protein and oil concentration and seed size are important quantitative traits. The objective of this study was to identify representative protein, oil, and seed size quantitative trait loci (QTL) in soybean. A recombinant inbred line (RIL) population consisting of 131 F6-derived lines was created from two prominent ancestors of North American soybeans (‘Essex’ and ‘Williams’) and the RILs were grown in six environments. One hundred simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers spaced throughout the genome were mapped in this population. There were a total of four protein, six oil, and seven seed size QTL found in this population. The QTL found in this study may assist breeders in marker-assisted selection (MAS) to retain current positive QTL in modern soybeans while simultaneously pyramiding additional QTL from new germplasm.

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The authors would like to thank James H. Klein III (Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, Ill., USA), Donna Thomas (USDA Northern Regional Research Center at Peoria, Ill., USA), and Gordon G. Percell (WTES) for their technical support and Dr. Perry B. Cregan (USDA-ARS, Beltsville, Md., USA) for his suggestions. This research was supported by the United Soybean Board project no. 1240 and by the Tennessee Soybean Promotion Board.

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Correspondence to D. L. Hyten.

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Communicated by H.C. Becker

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Hyten, D.L., Pantalone, V.R., Sams, C.E. et al. Seed quality QTL in a prominent soybean population. Theor Appl Genet 109, 552–561 (2004).

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