Skip to main content
Log in

Synteny between a major heading-date QTL in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and the Hd3 heading-date locus in rice

  • Original Paper
  • Published:
Theoretical and Applied Genetics Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The genetic control of induction to flowering has been studied extensively in both model and crop species because of its fundamental biological and economic significance. An ultimate aim of many of these studies has been the application of the understanding of control of flowering that can be gained from the study of model species, to the improvement of crop species. The present study identifies a region of genetic synteny between rice and Lolium perenne, which contains the Hd3 heading-date QTL in rice and a major QTL, accounting for up to 70% of the variance associated with heading date in L. perenne. The identification of synteny between rice and L. perenne in this region demonstrates the direct applicability of the rice genome to the understanding of biological processes in other species. Specifically, this syntenic relationship will greatly facilitate the genetic dissection of aspects of heading-date induction by enabling the magnitude of the genetic component of the heading-date QTL in L. perenne to be combined with the sequencing and annotation information from the rice genome.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2A–E
Fig. 3
Fig. 4

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Arabidopsis Genome Initiative (2000) Analysis of the genome sequence of the flowering plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Nature 408:796–815

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Armstead IP, Bollard A, Morgan WG, Harper JA, King IP, Jones RN, Forster JW, Hayward MD, Thomas HM (2001) Genetic and physical analysis of a single Festuca pratensis chromosome segment substitution in Lolium perenne. Chromosoma 110:52–57

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Armstead IP, Turner LB, King IP, Cairns AJ, Humphreys MO (2002) Comparison and integration of genetic maps generated from F-2 and BC1-type mapping populations in perennial ryegrass. Plant Breed 121:501–507

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Börner A, Buck-Sorlin GH, Hayes PM, Malyshev S, Korzun V (2002a) Molecular mapping of major genes and quantitative trait loci determining flowering time in response to photoperiod in barley. Plant Breed 121:129–132

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Börner A, Schumann E, Furste A, Coster H, Leithold B, Roder MS, Weber WE (2002b) Mapping of quantitative trait loci determining agronomic important characters in hexaploid wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Theor Appl Genet 105:921–936

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Donnison IS, Cisneros P, Montoya T, Armstead IP, Thomas B, Thomas AM, Jones RN, Morris P (2002) The floral transition in model and forage grasses. Flowering Newsl 33:42–48

    Google Scholar 

  • Goff SA, Ricke D, Lan TH, Presting G, Wang RL, Dunn M, Glazebrook J, Sessions A, Oeller P, Varma H, Hadley D, Hutchison D, Martin C, Katagiri F, Lange BM, Moughamer T, Xia Y, Budworth P, Zhong J, Miguel T, Paszkowski U, Zhang S, Colbert M, Sun WL, Chen L, Cooper B, Park S, Wood TC, Mao L, Quail P, Wing R, Dean R, Yu Y, Zharkikh A, Shen R, Sahasrabudhe S, Thomas A, Cannings R, Gutin A, Pruss D, Reid J, Tavtigian S, Mitchell J, Eldredge G, Scholl T, Miller RM, Bhatnagar S, Adey N, Rubano T, Tusneem N, Robinson R, Feldhaus J, Macalma T, Oliphant A, Briggs S (2002) A draft sequence of the rice genome (Oryza sativa L. ssp. japonica). Science 296:92–100

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Hayama R, Yokoi S, Tamaki S, Yano M, Shimamoto K (2003) Adaptation of photoperiodic control pathways produces short-day flowering in rice. Nature 422: 719–722

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Hayward MD, Forster JW, Jones JG, Dolstra O, Evans C, McAdam NJ, Hossain KG, Stammers M, Will J, Humphreys MO, Evans GM (1998) Genetic analysis of Lolium. I. Identification of linkage groups and the establishment of a genetic map. Plant Breed 117:451–455

    Google Scholar 

  • Humphreys MW, Pasakinskiene I (1996) Chromosome painting to locate genes for drought resistance transferred from Festuca arundinacea into Lolium multiflorum. Heredity 77:530–534

    Google Scholar 

  • Ishimaru K, Yano M, Aoki N, Ono K, Hirose T, Lin SY, Monna L, Sasaki T, Ohsugi R (2001) Toward the mapping of physiological and agronomic characters on a rice function map: QTL analysis and comparison between QTLs and expressed sequence tags. Theor Appl Genet 102:793–800

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Jack T (2001) Plant development going MADS. Plant Mol Biol 46:515–520

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Jones ES, Dupal MP, Kolliker R, Drayton MC, Forster JW (2001) Development and characterisation of simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers for perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.). Theor Appl Genet 102:405–415

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Jones ES, Mahoney NL, Hayward MD, Armstead IP, Jones JG, Humphreys MO, King IP, Kishida T, Yamada T, Balfourier F, Charmet G, Forster JW (2002) An enhanced molecular marker-based genetic map of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne) reveals comparative relationships with other Poaceae genomes. Genome 45:282–295

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Kole C, Quijada P, Michaels SD, Amasino RM, Osborn TC (2001) Evidence for homology of flowering-time genes VFR2 from Brassica rapa and FLC from Arabidopsis thaliana. Theor Appl Genet 102:425–430

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kole C, Thormann CE, Karlsson BH, Palta JP, Gaffney P, Yandell B, Osborn TC (2002) Comparative mapping of loci controlling winter survival and related traits in oilseed Brassica rapa and B-napus. Mol Breed 9:201–210

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Kubik C, Meyer WA, Gaut BS (1999) Assessing the abundance and polymorphism of simple sequence repeats in perennial ryegrass. Crop Sci 39:1136–1141

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lallemand J, Lem P, Ghesquiere M, Charmet G, Balfourier F (1998) Potentiality of STS for variety distinction in ryegrass. Paper presented at Working Group on Biochemical and Molecular Techniques and DNA Profiling in Particular, 5th Session, Beltsville, USA, 28–30 September 1998

  • Laurie DA, Pratchett N, Bezant JH, Snape JW (1995) RFLP mapping of five major genes and eight quantitative trait loci controlling flowering time in a winter × spring barley (Hordeum- vulgare L) cross. Genome 38:575–585

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Li ZK, Pinson SRM, Stansel JW, Park WD (1995) Identification of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for heading date and plant height in cultivated rice (Oryza-sativa L). Theor Appl Genet 91:374–381

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lin SY, Sasaki T, Yano M (1998) Mapping quantitative trait loci controlling seed dormancy and heading date in rice, Oryza sativa L., using backcross inbred lines. Theor Appl Genet 96:997–1003

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Lundqvist U, Franckowiak JD, Konishi T (1997) New and revised descriptions of barley genes. Barley Genet Newsl 26:22–516

    Google Scholar 

  • Monna L, Lin HX, Kojima S, Sasaki T, Yano M (2002) Genetic dissection of a genomic region for a quantitative trait locus, Hd3, into two loci, Hd3a and Hd3b, controlling heading date in rice. Theor Appl Genet 104:772–778

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Moore G, Devos KM, Wang Z, Gale MD (1995) Cereal genome evolution—grasses, line up and form a circle. Curr Biol 5:737–739

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Osborn TC, Kole C, Parkin IAP, Sharpe AG, Kuiper M, Lydiate DJ, Trick M (1997) Comparison of flowering time genes in Brassica rapa, B-napus and Arabidopsis thaliana. Genetics 146:1123–1129

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Skøt L, Hamilton NRS, Mizen S, Chorlton KH, Thomas ID (2002) The molecular genecology of temperature response in Lolium perenne. II. Association of AFLP markers with ecogeography. Mol Ecol 11: 1865–1876

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Stam P, van Ooijen JW (1995) JOINMAP version 2.0. Software for the calculation of genetic linkage maps. CPRO-DLO, Wageningen, The Netherlands

  • Tanksley SD, Ganal MW, Prince JP, Devicente MC, Bonierbale MW, Broun P, Fulton TM, Giovannoni JJ, Grandillo S, Martin GB, Messeguer R, Miller JC, Miller L, Paterson AH, Pineda O, Roder MS, Wing RA, Wu W, Young ND (1992) High-density molecular linkage maps of the tomato and potato genomes. Genetics 132:1141–1160

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Teutonico RA, Osborn TC (1994) Mapping of RFLP and qualitative trait loci in Brassica-Rapa and comparison to the linkage maps of Brassica-napus, Brassica-oleracea, and Arabidopsis-thaliana. Theor Appl Genet 89:885–894

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Thomas HM, Morgan WG, Meredith MR, Humphreys MW, Thomas H, Leggett JM (1994) Identification of parental and recombined chromosomes in hybrid derivatives of Lolium multiflorum × Festuca pratensis by genomic in situ hybridization. Theor Appl Genet 88:909–913

    Google Scholar 

  • Turner LB, Humphreys MO, Cairns AJ, Pollock CJ (2001) Comparison of growth and carbohydrate accumulation in seedlings of two varieties of Lolium perenne. J Plant Physiol 158:891–897

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Van Deynze AE, Sorrells ME, Park WD, Ayres NM, Fu H, Cartinhour SW, Paul E, McCouch SR (1998) Anchor probes for comparative mapping of grass genera. Theor Appl Genet 97:356–369

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Van Ooijen JW, Boer MP, Jansen RC, Maliepaard C (2002) Map QTL 4.0: software for the calculation of QTL positions on genetic maps. Plant Research International, Wageningen, The Netherlands

  • Worland AJ, Börner A, Korzun V, Li WM, Petrovic S, Sayers EJ (1998) The influence of photoperiod genes to the adaptability of European winter wheats. Euphytica, 100:385–394

  • Xiao J, Li J, Yuan L, Tanksley SD (1996) Identification of QTLs affecting traits of agronomic importance in a recombinant inbred population derived from a sub-specific rice cross. Theor Appl Genet 92:230–244

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Xiong LZ, Liu KD, Dai XK, Xu CG, Zhang Q (1999) Identification of genetic factors controlling domestication-related traits of rice using an F2 population of a cross between Oryza sativa and O. rufipogon. Theor Appl Genet 98:243–251

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Yamamoto T, Kuboki Y, Lin SY, Sasaki T, Yano M (1998) Fine mapping of quantitative trait loci Hd-1, Hd-2 and Hd-3, controlling heading date of rice, as single Mendelian factors. Theor Appl Genet 97:37–44

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  • Yamamoto T, Lin HX, Sasaki T, Yano M (2000) Identification of heading-date quantitative trait locus Hd6 and characterization of its epistatic interactions with Hd2 in rice using advanced backcross progeny. Genetics 154:885–891

    Google Scholar 

  • Yano M (2003) Genetic control of flowering time in rice. Flowering Newsl 35:3–7

    Google Scholar 

  • Yano M, Harushima Y, Nagamura Y, Kurata N, Minobe Y, Sasaki T (1997) Identification of quantitative trait loci controlling heading date in rice using a high-density linkage map. Theor Appl Genet 95:1025–1032

    Google Scholar 

  • Yano M, Katayose Y, Ashikari M, Yamanouchi U, Monna L, Fuse T, Baba T, Yamamoto K, Umehara Y, Nagamura Y, Sasaki T (2000) Hd1, a major photoperiod sensitivity quantitative trait locus in rice, is closely related to the Arabidopsis flowering-time gene CONSTANS. Plant Cell 12:2473–2483

    CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Yu SB, Li JX, Xu CG, Tan YF, Li XH, Qifa Zhang (2002) Identification of quantitative trait loci and epistatic interactions for plant height and heading date in rice. Theor Appl Genet 104:619–625

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (UK) and the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (UK).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to I. P. Armstead.

Additional information

Communicated by Q. Zhang

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Armstead, I.P., Turner, L.B., Farrell, M. et al. Synteny between a major heading-date QTL in perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) and the Hd3 heading-date locus in rice. Theor Appl Genet 108, 822–828 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-003-1495-6

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-003-1495-6

Keywords

Navigation