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Radiologische Diagnostik der Osteoporose

Radiological diagnosis of osteoporosis

Zusammenfassung

Für die Diagnose der Osteoporose hat die Radiologie mit ihren vielfältigen bildgebenden Verfahren eine zentrale Bedeutung. Angefangen mit der „dual energy X-ray absorptiometry“ (DXA), die die einzige von der World Health Organization (WHO) anerkannte Referenzmethode ist, über die Projektionsradiographie zur Frakturklassifikation bis zu den neueren Methoden der trabekulären Strukturanalyse stellt die radiologische Begutachtung wichtige Weichen für das Management von Osteoporosepatienten. Im Folgenden werden ein Überblick über die gängigen Verfahren und ein Einblick in neue diagnostische Ansätze gegeben.

Abstract

Having at their disposal a wide range of imaging techniques, radiologists play a crucial role in the diagnostic evaluation of patients with osteoporosis. The radiological tests range from dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), which is the only reference method accepted by the WHO, to conventional radiographs for fracture characterization, to more recent techniques for analyzing trabecular structure, and the findings are decisive in initiating correct management of osteoporosis patients. This review provides an overview of established radiological techniques and an outline of new diagnostic approaches.

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Correspondence to A.S. Issever.

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Issever, A., Link, T. Radiologische Diagnostik der Osteoporose. Radiologe 50, 471–481 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00117-010-1977-x

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00117-010-1977-x

Schlüsselwörter

  • Osteoporose
  • Diagnostik
  • „Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry“
  • Quantitative Computertomographie
  • „Fracture risk assessment tool“

Keywords

  • Osteoporosis
  • Diagnosis
  • Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
  • Quantitative computed tomography
  • Fracture risk assessment tool