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Der Nervenarzt

, Volume 89, Issue 4, pp 386–393 | Cite as

Seltene Tremorsyndrome

  • J. S. Becktepe
  • F. Goevert
  • G. Deuschl
Leitthema

Zusammenfassung

Hintergrund

Es gibt eine Gruppe seltener, sporadisch auftretender Tremorsyndrome, die nur zum Teil von der aktuellen Tremorklassifikation berücksichtigt werden. Diese Syndrome zu kennen, ist häufig von diagnostischer und therapeutischer Relevanz und sie sollten bei der Differenzialdiagnose der häufigen Tremores berücksichtigt werden.

Fragestellung

Differenzialdiagnostik und Therapie seltener sporadisch auftretender Tremorsyndrome.

Material und Methoden

Literaturrecherche (PubMed, Google Scholar).

Ergebnisse

Es werden Holmes-Tremor, Myorhythmie, Gaumensegeltremor, Limb-shaking-TIA (transiente ischämische Attacke), tardiver Tremor, Tremor nach peripherer Gewebeverletzung, neuropathischer Tremor und die orthostatischen Tremorsyndrome dargestellt.

Schlussfolgerungen

Sporadisch auftretende seltene Tremorsyndrome sind im Allgemeinen symptomatisch bedingt bei unterschiedlichsten neurologischen und systemischen Grunderkrankungen. Sie zu kennen, spart diagnostische Umwege und ist von therapeutischer Relevanz.

Schlüsselwörter

Holmes-Tremor Myorhythmie Gaumensegeltremor Neuropathischer Tremor Orthostatischer Tremor 

Rare tremor syndromes

Abstract

Background

There is a group of uncommon sporadic tremor syndromes, which are only partially taken into account in the current classification of tremor. Their knowledge is of diagnostic and therapeutic relevance and they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of frequent tremor syndromes.

Objective

Differential diagnostics and treatment of uncommon tremor syndromes.

Method

Literature search (PubMed, Google Scholar).

Results

Holmes tremor, myorhythmia, palatal tremor, limb-shaking transient ischemic attack (TIA), tardive tremor, neuropathic tremor, tremor induced by peripheral trauma and orthostatic tremor syndrome are described.

Conclusion

Uncommon sporadic tremor syndromes are mainly symptomatic with various underlying neurological or systemic pathologies. Their recognition accelerates the diagnostic process and has therapeutic relevance.

Keywords

Holmes tremor Myorhythmia Palatal tremor Neuropathic tremor Orthostatic tremor 

Notes

Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien

Interessenkonflikt

J. S. Becktepe, F. Goevert und G. Deuschl geben an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine von den Autoren durchgeführten Studien an Menschen oder Tieren.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Klinik für Neurologie, Universitätsklinikum Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel CampusChristian Albrechts University KielKielDeutschland

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