The Science of Nature

, 103:35 | Cite as

A swarm of whiteflies—the first record of gregarious behavior from Eocene Baltic amber

  • Jacek SzwedoEmail author
  • Jowita Drohojowska
Short Communication


A new whitefly Snotra christelae gen. et sp. n. is characterized, illustrated, and described from the Baltic amber. It represents the first record of gregarious behavior of Aleyrodinae (Aleyrodidae) whiteflies in fossil state. Implications of this finding on interpretation of whiteflies and their host-plant relationships and evolutionary traits of the group are discussed.


Snotra christelae gen. sp. n. Aleyrodidae Hemiptera Baltic amber Gregarious behavior 

Supplementary material

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ESM 1 (DOCX 59 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Invertebrate Zoology and ParasitologyUniversity of GdańskGdańskPoland
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of SilesiaKatowicePoland

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