, 98:435 | Cite as

A new captorhinid reptile, Gansurhinus qingtoushanensis, gen. et sp. nov., from the Permian of China

  • Robert R. ReiszEmail author
  • Jun Liu
  • Jin-Ling Li
  • Johannes Müller
Original Paper


Captorhinids, a clade of Paleozoic reptiles, are represented by a rich fossil record that extends from the Late Carboniferous into the Late Permian. Representatives of this clade dispersed from the equatorial regions of Laurasia into the temperate regions of Pangea during the Middle and Late Permian. This rich fossil record shows that there was an evolutionary trend from faunivorous to omnivorous and herbivorous feeding habits within this clade. The discovery of well-preserved captorhinid materials in the Middle Permian of China allows us to determine that the new taxon, Gansurhinus qingtoushanensis, gen. et sp. nov, is a member of Moradisaurinae, a clade of captorhinids with multiple tooth rows arranged in parallel. The presence of this moradisaurine in the Middle Permian of south central Asia leads us to suggest that paleogeographic changes during the Permian, with part of what is today China becoming a large peninsula of Pangea, allowed these early reptiles as well as other terrestrial vertebrates to extend their geographic ranges to this region of the Late Paleozoic supercontinent.


Paleozoic reptiles Captorhinidae China Middle Permian 



We thank Nicola Wong Ken for illustrations of the specimens and assistance with figures. Research was supported by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (KZCX2-YW-BR-07) for Jun Liu, NSERC (Canada) for Reisz, and Deutsche Forschungsmeinschaft for Johannes Müller for DFG. We also thank Sean Modesto for discussions.

Supplementary material

114_2011_793_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (19 kb)
Characters used in the phylogenetic analysis (PDF 18.6 kb)
114_2011_793_MOESM2_ESM.doc (41 kb)
Character list and data matrix (DOC 41.0 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert R. Reisz
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jun Liu
    • 2
  • Jin-Ling Li
    • 2
  • Johannes Müller
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of Toronto MississaugaMississaugaCanada
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Evolutionary Systematics of Vertebrates, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and PaleoanthropologyChinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Museum für NaturkundeLeibniz-Institut für Evolutions- und Biodiversitätsforschung an der Humboldt-Universität zu BerlinBerlinGermany

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