, Volume 97, Issue 7, pp 683–687

Mammalian hairs in Early Cretaceous amber

Short Communication

DOI: 10.1007/s00114-010-0677-8

Cite this article as:
Vullo, R., Girard, V., Azar, D. et al. Naturwissenschaften (2010) 97: 683. doi:10.1007/s00114-010-0677-8


Two mammalian hairs have been found in association with an empty puparium in a ∼100-million-year-old amber (Early Cretaceous) from France. Although hair is known to be an ancestral, ubiquitous feature in the crown Mammalia, the structure of Mesozoic hair has never been described. In contrast to fur and hair of some Jurassic and Cretaceous mammals preserved as carbonized filaments, the exceptional preservation of the fossils described here allows for the study of the cuticular structure. Results show the oldest direct evidence of hair with a modern scale pattern. This discovery implies that the morphology of hair cuticula may have remained unchanged throughout most of mammalian evolution. The association of these hairs with a possible fly puparium provides paleoecological information and indicates peculiar taphonomic conditions.


Mammal Hair Amber Cretaceous France 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université de Rennes 1RennesFrance
  2. 2.Senckenberg Forschungsinstitut und NaturmuseumFrankfurt am MainGermany
  3. 3.Faculty of Sciences II, Department of BiologyLebanese UniversityFanar-MatnLebanon

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