Effektivität des „blood flow restriction training“ im Leistungssport

Effectiveness of blood flow restriction training in competitive sports

Zusammenfassung

Hintergrund

Ein Training unter den Bedingungen einer Blutflussbeschränkung („blood flow restriction“, BFR) wird in jüngerer Zeit als Option für alternatives Training bei Athleten durchgeführt.

Fragestellung

Welcher Einsatz von BFR im Training von Athleten ist sinnvoll?

Material und Methoden

Es wird eine Übersicht über die gängige Literatur zum Thema gegeben.

Ergebnisse

Blood flow restriction scheint eine Möglichkeit zu sein, eine Muskelhypertrophie und -krafterhöhung zu erreichen sowie Parameter der kardiozirkulatorischen Funktion zu verbessern.

Schlussfolgerung

In der Literatur finden sich verschiedene Ansätze zum Einsatz von BFR bei Athleten. Die Ansätze unterscheiden sich in Häufigkeit, eingesetzter Kraft, Dauer und schließlich auch der Umsetzung der Blutflussunterdrückung. Eindeutige Trainingsempfehlungen können derzeit nicht gegeben werden. Es bleibt dabei, dass das individuelle Abwägen der Möglichkeiten und die überwachte Umsetzung durch den jeweiligen Trainer notwendig sind.

Abstract

Background

Training under conditions of blood flow restriction (BFR) has recently been advocated as an option for alternative training in athletes.

Objective

Does BFR make sense in athlete training?

Material and methods

An overview of the currently available literature is given.

Results

The use of BFR appears to be a possibility to achieve muscle hypertrophy and an increase in muscular strength and can also improve parameters of cardiocirculatory function.

Conclusion

Various approaches for implementation of BFR in athletes can be found in the literature. These approaches differ in the frequency, force used, duration and finally type of implementation of BFR itself. Clear recommendations for training cannot be given to date and the individual weighing up of possibilities and supervised implementation of BFR in athlete training by the trainer are still necessary.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to PD Dr. Alexander A. Hanke.

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Interessenkonflikt

A.A. Hanke, K. Wiechmann, P. Suckow und S. Rolff geben an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Für diesen Beitrag wurden von den Autoren keine Studien an Menschen oder Tieren durchgeführt. Für die aufgeführten Studien gelten die jeweils dort angegebenen ethischen Richtlinien.

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U. Tegtbur, Hannover

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Hanke, A.A., Wiechmann, K., Suckow, P. et al. Effektivität des „blood flow restriction training“ im Leistungssport. Unfallchirurg 123, 176–179 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00113-020-00779-6

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Schlüsselwörter

  • Muskelstärke
  • Hypertrophie
  • Athleten
  • Ischämische Präkonditionierung
  • Blood Flow Restriction

Keywords

  • Muscle strength
  • Hypertrophy
  • Athletes
  • Ischemic preconditioning
  • Blood flow restriction