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Akupunkturtechniken im Profifußball

Acupuncture techniques in professional football

Zusammenfassung

Die Zahl wissenschaftlicher Studien zur Akupunktur hat in den letzten Jahren deutlich zugenommen: Akupunktur bietet im Profifußball zunehmend evidenzbasierte Einsatzmöglichkeiten. Diese Übersicht stellt verschiedene Akupunkturtechniken sowie deren interessante Einsatzgebiete und Indikationen im Profifußball vor. Neben Knie‑, Schulter‑, Wirbelsäulen‑, Ellbogen- und postoperativen Schmerzen gibt es deutliche Hinweise auf die Wirksamkeit von Akupunktur bei Sprunggelenkdistorsionen, Rhinoconjunctivitis allergica und Übelkeit. „Dry needling“ stellt eine vielversprechende Option zur Behandlung myofaszialer Triggerpunkte dar und könnte bei regelmäßiger Anwendung auch hinsichtlich der Verletzungsprävention und der Leistungsoptimierung sinnvoll sein.

Abstract

The number of scientific studies about acupuncture has increased significantly during recent years. Acupuncture can be used as an evidence-based adjunct therapy for a variety of indications in professional football. This review summarizes various acupuncture techniques and related techniques for utilization in the field of professional soccer. Besides knee, shoulder, spinal, elbow and postoperative pain, scientific meta-analyses also point towards the effectiveness of acupuncture in ankle sprains, allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and nausea. Dry needling is an emerging option for treatment of myofascial trigger points and could potentially result in improved prevention of muscular injuries and enhancement of muscular performance.

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Correspondence to F. Pfab.

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Interessenkonflikt

F. Pfab, B. Sommer und C. Haser geben an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine von den Autoren durchgeführten Studien an Menschen oder Tieren. Alle Patienten, die über Bildmaterial oder anderweitige Angaben innerhalb des Manuskripts zu identifizieren sind, haben hierzu ihre schriftliche Einwilligung gegeben. Im Fall von nichtmündigen Patienten liegt die Einwilligung eines Erziehungsberechtigen oder des gesetzlich bestellten Betreuers vor.

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W. Krutsch, Regensburg

S. Weber-Spickschen, Hannover

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Pfab, F., Sommer, B. & Haser, C. Akupunkturtechniken im Profifußball. Unfallchirurg 121, 450–454 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00113-018-0500-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00113-018-0500-0

Schlüsselwörter

  • Schmerz
  • Sprunggelenkdistorsion
  • Übelkeit
  • Dry needling
  • Triggerpunkte

Keywords

  • Pain
  • Ankle sprains
  • Nausea
  • Dry needling
  • Trigger points