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Monatsschrift Kinderheilkunde

, Volume 158, Issue 6, pp 564–569 | Cite as

Prävention des Plötzlichen Kindstodes

  • G. Jorch
Leitthema

Zusammenfassung

Plötzlicher Kindstod ist eine Sammelbezeichnung für plötzliche, unerwartete und ungeklärte Todesfälle in der frühen Kindheit. Seine Ursachen sind vielfältig. Mindestens 10.000 dieser Todesfälle konnten in den letzten 20 Jahren durch Verbesserung der Schlafbedingungen im Säuglingsalter („Rückenlage im Schlafsack“) verhindert werden. Das in großen epidemiologischen Studien gesammelte und bestätigte Wissen über gesunde Schlafbedingungen muss an jede zukünftige Elterngeneration weitergegeben werden, um eine erneute Katastrophe durch unbedachte Einführung von „gut gemeinten Moden“ in die Säuglingsbetreuung zu verhindern.

Schlüsselwörter

SIDS („sudden infant death syndrome“) Plötzlicher Kindstod Prävention Schlaf Rückenlage  

Abkürzungen

BMBF

Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung

BRD

Bundesrepublik Deutschland

BzgA

Bundeszentrale für gesundheitliche Aufklärung

DDR

Deutsche Demokratische Republik

ECAS

European Concerted Action on SIDS

EU

Europäische Union

EKG

Elektrokardiographie

ICD-9, ICD-10

International Classification of Diseases, 9. bzw. 10. Revision

LT

Lebenstag

MAGS

Ministerium für Arbeit, Gesundheit und Soziales

MCAD

„medium chain acyl-coenzym A dehydrogenase“

NRW

Nordrhein-Westfalen

OR

Odds-Ratio (relatives Risiko): Risikoschätzer in Fall-Kontroll-Studien

PKU

Phenylketonurie

PR

Prävalenz: Häufigkeit in der Gesamtpopulation

QT

Benennung zweier Ausschläge im EKG

RKI

Robert Koch-Institut

SIDS

„sudden infant death syndrome“

SUDI

„sudden unexpected death of infancy“

Cot death prevention

Abstract

Cot death is a generic term for sudden, unexpected and unexplained death in infancy. It has numerous causes. More than 10,000 such deaths could be prevented in Germany over the past 20 years by changing infant sleeping conditions (“back position in a sleeping bag”). The body of knowledge which has been gathered and confirmed in epidemiological studies needs to be transferred to all future generations of parents in order to prevent a repetition of the disaster which occurred after the introduction of the “well-meant fashion” of the prone sleeping position.

Keywords

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) Sudden unexpected death in infancy (SUDI) Prevention Sleep Prone position 

Notes

Interessenkonflikt

Der korrespondierende Autor weist auf folgende Beziehung hin: Der Autor berät im Internetforum www.rund-ums-baby.de.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UniversitätskinderklinikOtto-von-Guericke-Universität MagdeburgMagdeburgDeutschland

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