E-Zigaretten – toxikologisches Fiasko oder besser als kein Rauchstopp?

E-cigarettes: toxicological fiasco or better than not giving up smoking?

Zusammenfassung

E‑Zigaretten werden zunehmend für den Ersatz von Tabakzigaretten und zum Ausstieg aus dem Zigarettenkonsum genutzt, überwiegend jedoch im Sinne einer parallelen Nutzung („dual use“). Es gibt lebhafte Kontroversen um die Bewertung der Gesundheitsrisiken der E‑Zigarette, bislang jedoch ohne umfassende Daten zum direkten Vergleich mit der Tabakzigarette. Weitere Streitpunkte sind das Potenzial für die Tabakentwöhnung und das Risiko der Hinführung von der E‑Zigarette zur Tabakzigarette (Gateway-Hypothese). Die vorgelegte Übersicht kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass E‑Zigaretten entsprechend der bereits in Großbritannien weitestgehend umgesetzten Gesundheitspolitik ein gegenüber der Tabakzigarette stark herabgesetztes Risiko für die Gesundheit darstellen und sich für die Tabakentwöhnung durchaus eignen.

Abstract

E‑cigarettes are increasingly used to replace tobacco cigarettes and to stop smoking, but mainly in the sense of dual use. There is lively debate about the assessment of the health risks of e‑cigarettes, but so far there are no comprehensive data for direct comparison with tobacco cigarettes. Other points of controversy include the potential for smoking cessation and the risk of moving from e‑cigarettes to tobacco cigarettes (gateway hypothesis). The present overview comes to the conclusion that, in accordance with the health policy already largely implemented in Great Britain, e‑cigarettes represent a greatly reduced health risk compared with tobacco cigarettes and are certainly suitable for giving up smoking.

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Correspondence to Dr. T. Hering.

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Für diesen Beitrag wurden vom Autor keine Studien an Menschen oder Tieren durchgeführt. Für die aufgeführten Studien gelten die jeweils dort angegebenen ethischen Richtlinien.

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Hering, T. E-Zigaretten – toxikologisches Fiasko oder besser als kein Rauchstopp?. Internist 61, 634–643 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00108-020-00794-0

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Schlüsselwörter

  • Tabakabhängigkeit
  • E‑Zigaretten-Dampfen
  • Rauchentwöhnung
  • Tabakentwöhnung
  • Gateway-Hypothese

Keywords

  • Tobacco use disorder
  • Vaping
  • Smoking cessation
  • Tobacco use cessation
  • Gateway hypothesis