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Der Internist

, Volume 59, Issue 4, pp 316–325 | Cite as

Kognition und Mobilität

Der Einfluss des Gehirns auf das Gehen
  • E. Freiberger
Schwerpunkt: Medizin für den ganzen Menschen
  • 382 Downloads

Zusammenfassung

Für die Mobilität besonders wichtig sind kognitive Fähigkeiten und die Gangfähigkeit mit ihren physischen Parametern. Als gesichert gilt mittlerweile die Erkenntnis, dass die Reduzierung der Ganggeschwindigkeit ein sehr früher Indikator subklinischer kognitiver Abbauprozesse oder auch ein früher Indikator eines Demenzrisikos sein kann. Der Begriff Dual-task-Paradigma beschreibt eine Methode, bei der der ältere Mensch zwei Aufgaben gleichzeitig lösen muss. Eine rechtzeitige Identifizierung älterer Menschen mit Sturzgefährdung oder einem erhöhten Demenzrisiko wird immer wichtiger. Dem Dual-task-Paradigma kommt dabei eine wachsende Bedeutung zu.

Schlüsselwörter

Ältere Menschen Kognitives Altern Demenz Gehtest Ganggeschwindigkeit 

Cognition and mobility

The influence of the brain on gait

Abstract

Cognitive abilities and gait with its physical parameters are important for mobility. There is clinically sound evidence that a reduction of gait speed can be seen as an early subclinical indicator of cognitive decline of even higher risk of onset of dementia. The dual-task paradigm is a method in which the older person has to simultaneously solve two different task. It is of utmost importance to identify older persons at risk of falls or onset of dementia. The dual-task paradigm seems to be an important method in this process.

Keywords

Elderly Cognitive aging Dementia Gait assessment Gait speed 

Notes

Danksagung

Meinem Kollegen Dr. Robert Kob danke ich für das Gegenlesen des Manuskripts und seine hilfreichen Kommentare.

Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien

Interessenkonflikt

E. Freiberger gibt an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine vom Autor durchgeführten Studien an Menschen oder Tieren.

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Copyright information

© Springer Medizin Verlag GmbH, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Biomedizin des AlternsFriedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-NürnbergNürnbergDeutschland

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