L.), Black pine (P.nigra Arnold) and Fir (Abies Borisii – Regis (Abies alba × A. cephalonica) Mattfeld), grown in natural stands in Greece was investigated. The compounds were identified by GC/MS analysis. The Scots pine oil was found to be rich in α-pinene (19.44%), β-pinene (17.27%), myrcene (14.00%) and β-phellandrene (29.14%). The Black pine oil was also rich in α-pinene (10.38%), β-pinene (15.45%), myrcene (3.99%), β-caryophyllene (4.03%) and citronellol (14.97%), while the Fir oil was rich in α-pinene (3.30%), β-pinene (2.57%), limonene (46.45%), junepene (2.55%) and caryophyllene oxide (7.05%). The mean twig oil yield on dry weight basis was 0.52%, 0.36% and 0.48% for Scots pine, Black pine and Fir respectively.
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Koukos, P., Papadopoulou, K., Papagiannopoulos, A. et al. Essential oils of the twigs of some conifers grown in Greece. Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff 58, 437–438 (2001). https://doi.org/10.1007/s001070050457
- Weight Basis
- Natural Stand