European Journal of Wood and Wood Products

, Volume 76, Issue 3, pp 1021–1027 | Cite as

Isolation of cellulose nanocrystals from Gigantochloa scortechinii ASAM pulp

  • Amin Moradbak
  • Paridah Md. Tahir
  • Ainun Zuriyati Mohamed
  • Mahnaz M. Abdi
  • Rawaida Liyana Razalli
  • Rasmina Halis


This study aims to characterize the cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) isolated from alkaline sulfite anthraquinone and methanol (ASAM) bamboo (Gigantochloa scortechinii) pulp. The hydrolysis was carried out using 64% (w/w) sulfuric acid at 45 °C for 45 min. The CNC was subjected to field emission scanning electronic microscopy (FESEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The measurement of diameter for CNC was done by FESEM and TEM, which was in the range of 10–20 nm. The XRD and FTIR results exhibited that bamboo CNC has higher crystallinity index, 78% compared to bleached ASAM bamboo pulp, 60%.



The authors are grateful for the support of the Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP) and Research Management Center (RMC)—Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Grant no. PB 9413400.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Tropical Forestry and Forest Products (INTROP)Universiti Putra Malaysia, UPMSerdangMalaysia
  2. 2.Department of Forest Production, Faculty of ForestryUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of ScienceUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSerdangMalaysia

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