European Journal of Wood and Wood Products

, Volume 75, Issue 4, pp 581–593 | Cite as

Assessment of surface properties and solvent-borne coating performance of red oak wood produced by peripheral planing

  • Bruna Ugulino
  • Roger E. HernándezEmail author


Coating performance on wood could be affected for different aspects including the manner in which the surface is prepared. Peripheral planing is one of the most used machining processes in woodworking. Improving this process would allow to enhance coating performance. As a result, the effects of wavelength and rake angle on surface properties and coating performance were evaluated in an attempt to improve peripheral planing of red oak wood. Surface quality was assessed through roughness, scanning electron micrographs, and wettability analyses. The performance of a solvent-borne coating was measured by adhesion strength before and after accelerated aging. Surface roughness and energy components increased as rake angle increased. As wavelength increased, cell damage and surface roughness increased. Surfaces prepared with a rake angle of 25° had more cell-wall fibrillation, which was assumed to be responsible for increased surface energy and improved coating adhesion after weathering. Samples machined with this rake angle combined with a short wavelength resulted in the lowest loss of adhesion after aging and presented an acceptable level of surface roughness.


Contact Angle Roughness Parameter Rake Angle Wood Surface Accelerate Aging Treatment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The assistance of Luc Germain and Daniel Bourgault during the experimental work is gratefully acknowledged. This research was supported by the Coordination for the Improvement of Higher Education Personnel of Brazil (CAPES) and by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Université LavalQuebec CityCanada

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