Some properties of particleboards made from cotton stalks (Gossypium hirsitum L.)

Abstract

The objective of this study was to produce particleboards for general purpose use by utilizing cotton stalks grown in Turkey. The shortage of raw materials in the wood industry resulted in the search for new resources. This is especially true for the particleboard industry in Turkey. It is necessary to find alternative sources of raw material in order to reduce deforestation. Cotton stalks as a cheap raw material compared to woody sources can be used to produce the particleboards that can meet with the required standards. In this study, water absorption, thickness swelling, bending strength, and internal bond properties of particleboards produced with cotton stalks at various resin addition levels and density ranges were studied. It was found that the particleboards produced at a 0.60–0.70 g/cm3 density range showed technological properties acceptable to the standards.

Zusammenfassung

Ziel der Arbeit war die Herstellung von Holzwerkstoffplatten aus Baumwollstengeln für die allgemeine Verwendung in der Türkei. Die Knappheit an Rohmaterialien in der Holzindustrie führte zur Suche nach neuen Rohstoffquellen. Insbesondere in der Türkei ist es notwendig nach Alternativen zu suchen, um den Rückgang an Waldfläche zu verringern. Baumwollstengel können als billige Rohstoffquelle zur Herstellung von Spanplatten mit Standardeigenschaften genutzt werden. In dieser Arbeit werden Wasseraufnahme, Dickenquellung, Biegefestigkeit und Querzugfestigkeit von Platten aus Baumwollstengeln untersucht. Die Platten wurden mit unterschiedlichen Harzmengen und Dichten produziert. Es zeigte sich, dass Platten mit Dichten zwischen 0,60 und 0,70 g/cm3 technologische Eigenschaften aufwiesen, die den Normen genügen.

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Fig. 1 Abb. 1

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Correspondence to C. Guler.

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Guler, C., Ozen, R. Some properties of particleboards made from cotton stalks (Gossypium hirsitum L.). Holz Roh Werkst 62, 40–43 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00107-003-0439-9

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Keywords

  • Cotton Fiber
  • Internal Bond
  • Phenol Formaldehyde
  • Urea Formaldehyde
  • Resin Content