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„Laryngeal framework surgery“

Laryngeal framework surgery

Zusammenfassung

Die Bezeichnung „laryngeal framework surgery“ (LFS), im Deutschen „Larynxskelettchirurgie“, ist der Oberbegriff für alle phonochirurgischen Verfahren, mit denen das knorpelige Gerüst des Kehlkopfs und dadurch die Position und die Spannung der Stimmlippen verändert werden. Ziel ist die Stimmverbesserung. Die mit Abstand bekannteste und am häufigsten durchgeführte Operation ist die Thyroplastik Typ 1 nach Isshiki, die auch als Medialisierungsthyroplastik bekannt ist und deren Indikation die Glottisschlussinsuffizienz ist. Ihre Durchführung ist in Deutschland noch wenig verbreitet, auch wenn die erste Operation dieser Art von Payr bereits 1915 in Deutschland mit Erfolg durchgeführt wurde.

Abstract

Laryngeal framework surgery is an umbrella term for all phonosurgical procedures by which the cartilaginous structure of the larynx and thereby the position and tension of the vocal folds are changed. The aim is to improve the voice. By far the best known and most frequently performed operation is thyroplasty type 1 according to Isshiki, also known as medialization thyroplasty, which is indicated for treatment of glottic insufficiency. Although the first medialization thyroplasty was successfully performed by Payr in Germany in 1915, more than 100 years later, it is still not widely used in Germany.

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Correspondence to Markus Hess.

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M. Hess und S. Fleischer geben an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht.

Für diesen Beitrag wurden von den Autoren keine Studien an Menschen oder Tieren durchgeführt. Für die aufgeführten Studien gelten die jeweils dort angegebenen ethischen Richtlinien.

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Hess, M., Fleischer, S. „Laryngeal framework surgery“. HNO 69, 726–733 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00106-021-01054-9

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Schlüsselwörter

  • Phonochirurgie
  • Stimmstörung
  • Laryngoplastik
  • Thyroplastik
  • Arytänoidadduktion

Keywords

  • Phonosurgery
  • Voice disorders
  • Laryngoplasty
  • Thyroplasty
  • Arytenoid adduction