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Hyperhidrose im Kindes- und Jugendalter

Klinik und aktuelle Therapieoptionen

Hyperhidrosis of childhood and adolescence

Clinical aspects and therapeutic options

Zusammenfassung

Bei der Hyperhidrose handelt es sich um eine örtlich umschriebene oder generalisiert auftretende übermäßige Schweißbildung mit Krankheitswert. Da das übermäßige Schwitzen oftmals schon im Kindesalter, meist zwischen dem 6. und 16. Lebensjahr, beginnt, stellt die Hyperhidrose eine bedeutsame Erkrankung des Kindes- und Jugendalters dar. Bei massiver Ausprägung kann es zu psychosozialen Belastungen und deutlich reduzierter Lebensqualität kommen, aufgrund derer diese Erkrankung eine besondere Relevanz erlangt. Darüber hinaus liegt häufig eine therapeutische Herausforderung vor, da die meisten handelsüblichen Therapeutika nicht für das Kindes- und Jugendalter zugelassen sind. Dennoch können bei allen Formen der Hyperhidrose bereits im Kindes- und Jugendalter wirksame Therapieoptionen zur Anwendung kommen.

Abstract

Hyperhidrosis is characterized by localized or general excessive sweating which is severe enough to be perceived as pathological. Since excessive sweating often starts in childhood and adolescence, usually in children between 6 and 16 years of age, hyperhidrosis is an important disorder for children and juveniles. This condition causes considerable disruption of both social life and educational career, leading to severe deterioration in the patient’s quality of life. In addition, therapy is often challenging since many treatment modalities are not approved for children. Nonetheless, there are still effective therapeutic options for children with hyperhidrosis.

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Correspondence to D. Bruch-Gerharz.

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Basedow, S., Kruse, R. & Bruch-Gerharz, D. Hyperhidrose im Kindes- und Jugendalter. Hautarzt 62, 928–934 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00105-011-2225-7

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Schlüsselwörter

  • Hyperhidrose
  • Kindes- und Jugendalter
  • Klinik
  • Therapie
  • Review

Keywords

  • Hyperhidrosis
  • Childhood
  • Clinical aspects
  • Therapy
  • Review