Klimawandel – physische und psychische Folgen

Climate change – physical and mental consequences

A Correction to this article was published on 07 December 2017

This article has been updated

Zusammenfassung

Der Klimawandel hat bereits einen zum Teil erheblichen Einfluss auf das Mensch-Umwelt-System und wirkt sich in direkter und indirekter Form auf die physische und psychische Gesundheit aus. So lösen beispielsweise meteorologische Extremereignisse wie Stürme, Hochwasser, Erdrutsche und Hitzeperioden direkte Folgen wie Unfälle mit Verletzungen, im Extremfall mit Todesfolge, aber auch Krankheiten aus. Indirekt wirkt der Klimawandel über eine veränderte Umwelt u. a. auf das Herz-Kreislauf-System und die Atemwege. Er kann zudem Allergien und Infektionserkrankungen begünstigen. Darüber hinaus kann die zunehmende Konfrontation mit klimawandelbedingten Umweltauswirkungen die Ursache für negative psychische Auswirkungen wie posttraumatische Belastungsstörungen, Ängste, aber auch Aggressionen, Disstress und depressive Symptome sein. Umfang und Ausprägung der Gesundheitsfolgen hängen u. a. von der individuellen (Prä‑)Disposition, Resilienz, dem Verhalten und Anpassungsleistungen ab.

Abstract

Climate change has already had a large influence on the human environmental system and directly or indirectly affects physical and mental health. Triggered by extreme meteorological conditions, for example, storms, floods, earth slides and heat periods, the direct consequences range from illnesses to serious accidents with injuries, or in extreme cases fatalities. Indirectly, a changed environment due to climate change affects, amongst other things, the cardiovascular system and respiratory tract, and can also cause allergies and infectious diseases. In addition, increasing confrontation with environmental impacts may cause negative psychological effects such as posttraumatic stress disorders and anxiety, but also aggression, distress and depressive symptoms. The extent and severity of the health consequences depend on individual pre-disposition, resilience, behaviour and adaptation.

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Correspondence to Maxie Bunz.

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A correction to this article is available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-017-2679-6.

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Bunz, M., Mücke, HG. Klimawandel – physische und psychische Folgen. Bundesgesundheitsbl 60, 632–639 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-017-2548-3

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Schlüsselwörter

  • Klimawandel
  • Gesundheit
  • Psyche
  • Physische Gesundheitseffekte
  • Psychische Gesundheitseffekte

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Health
  • Psyche
  • Physical health effects
  • Mental health effects