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Sicherheit von Lebensmittelzusatzstoffen aus nationaler und EU-Sicht

Safety of food additives from a German and European point of view

Zusammenfassung

In der Europäischen Union (EU) sind rund 300 Lebensmittelzusatzstoffe zugelassen, für die auf EU-Ebene kürzlich ein Programm zur gesundheitlichen Neubewertung initiiert wurde. Gelegentlich wird der Verdacht geäußert, dass einzelne dieser Zusatzstoffe gesundheitsschädliche Wirkungen haben könnten. Erste Ergebnisse der Neubewertung können einen Eindruck darüber vermitteln, wie die zuständigen Behörden, insbesondere die Europäische Lebensmittelsicherheitsbehörde (EFSA), auf solche Bedenken eingehen. Bei einigen Zusatzstoffen war die Dosis, die zu ersten unerwünschten Wirkungen führt, in den jetzt betrachteten Studien niedriger als in den zuvor bewerteten. Dementsprechend führte die Neubewertung unter Anwendung des üblichen Unsicherheitsfaktors zu niedrigeren akzeptablen täglichen Aufnahmemengen, als das bisher der Fall war. Deshalb ist nun zu prüfen, ob die Verwendungsbedingungen für die betreffenden Zusatzstoffe angepasst werden müssen.

Abstract

There are about 300 food additives permitted in the EU for which a re-evaluation program was initiated recently. Occasionally, it is speculated that the use of single food additives might be of safety concern. First results of the re-evaluation could give an impression on how such concerns were taken into account by responsible authorities, such as the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). For some of the food additives, the lowest dose resulting in adverse effects was lower in recent studies compared to previous studies. Thus, the acceptable daily intake (ADI) derived applying the common uncertainty factor was lower than the ADI derived using data from previous studies. Therefore, it has to be considered whether the conditions of use need to be modified for these food additives.

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Interessenkonflikt

Der korrespondierende Autor gibt an, dass kein Interessenkonflikt besteht. Der Autor ist im BfR mit der Risikobewertung von Lebensmittelzusatzstoffen befasst, ist Geschäftsführer der BfR-Kommission für Lebensmittelzusatzstoffe, Aromastoffe und Verarbeitungshilfsstoffe sowie Mitglied des EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food.

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Correspondence to R. Gürtler.

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Gürtler, R. Sicherheit von Lebensmittelzusatzstoffen aus nationaler und EU-Sicht. Bundesgesundheitsbl. 53, 554–560 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00103-010-1073-4

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