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Empfehlung zur Prävention nosokomialer Infektionen bei neonatologischen Intensivpflegepatienten mit einem Geburtsgewicht unter 1500 g

Mitteilung der Kommission für Krankenhaushygiene und Infektionsprävention beim Robert Koch-Institut
Empfehlung

Abkürzungsverzeichnis

BAL

Bronchoalveoläre Lavage

BSI: Engl.

bloodstream infection; Blutstrominfektion (Bakteriämie oder Sepsis)

CI95

95 % Konfidenzintervall

CLD

Engl.: chronic lung disease; chronische Lungenerkrankung des Frühgeborenen, vormals bronchopulmonale Dysplasie, BPD

CoNS

Koagulase-negative Staphylokokken

CPAP

Engl.: continuous positive airway pressure; Atemhilfe: kontinuierlich positiver Atemwegsdruck mittels Maske oder Tubus

CRBSI

ngl.: catheter-related BSI; Katheter-assoziierte Blutstrominfektion

CVAD

Engl.: central venous access device; dauerhaft implantierter zentraler Venenkatheter (Typ Port oder Hickman/Broviac)

DGHM

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Hygiene und Mikrobiologie

DGPI

Deutsche Gesellschaft für Pädiatrische Infektiologie

ELBW

Engl.: extremely low birthweight; extrem niedriges Geburtsgewicht (< 1000g)

ESBL

Engl.: extended-spectrum beta-lactamase; Betalaktamase mit erweitertem Wirkungsspektrum (auch gegen Cephalosporine der Gruppe III)

FG

Frühgeborenes

GA

Gestationsalter

GG

Geburtsgewicht

GNPI

Gesellschaft für Neonatologie und Pädiatrische Intensivmedizin

IfSG

Infektionsschutzgesetz

KRINKO

Kommission für Krankenhaushygiene und Infektions prävention beim Robert Koch-Institut, Berlin (http://www.rki.de)

LBW

Engl.: low birthweight; niedriges Geburtsgewicht (< 2500g)

mecA-Gen

Gen für Penicillin-Bindeprotein

MRSA

Methicillin-resistente Staph. aureus

MRSE

Methicillin-resistente Staph. epidermidis

NAK

Nabelarterienkatheter

NEC

Engl.: necrotizing enterocolitis; nekrotisierende Enterokolitis

NEO-KISS

KISS = Krankenhaus-Infektions-Surveillance-System; Surveillancesystem für nosokomiale Infektionen bei Frühgeborenen < 1500g

NI

Nosokomiale Infektion

NIDCAP

Newborn Individualized Developmental Care and Assessment Program

NIPS

Neonatologische Intensivpflegestation (engl.: NICU: neonatal intensive care unit)

NVK

Nabelvenenkatheter

OR

Odds Ratio

PICC

Engl.: peripherally inserted central catheter; perkutaner zentraler Venenkatheter (Silastic)

PVK

Peripherer Venenkatheter

RKI

Robert Koch-Institut

RR

Relatives Risiko

RSV

Respiratory-syncitial-Virus

SSW

Schwangerschaftswoche (bei Geburt)

STIKO

Ständige Impfkommission beim Robert Koch-Institut, Berlin

TPN

Totale parenterale Ernährung

VAH

Verbund für angewandte Hygiene

VAP

Engl.: ventilator-associated pneumonia; Beatmungspneumonie

VLBW

Engl.: very low birthweight; sehr niedriges Geburtsgewicht (< 1500g)

VRE

Vancomycin-resistente Enterokokken

VZV

Varicella-Zoster-Virus

ZVK

Zentraler Venenkatheter, nicht getunnelt, ohne subkutanen cuff

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