Early geriatric involvement is recommended for older trauma patients. We wished to determine the impact of geriatric consultation on mortality, hospital length of stay and discharge disposition in older patients who were admitted to our Level 1 trauma unit.
We completed a health records review of trauma unit patients, age ≥ 75 years old with Injury Severity Score (ISS) ≥ 12, before (11/2015–10/2017) and after (11/2017–10/2019) implementation of a geriatric trauma consultation initiative. Primary outcomes were mortality, hospital length of stay and discharge destination. Secondary objectives were adherence to the geriatric trauma consult process and identification of geriatric-specific issues. A multivariable analysis controlling for age, gender, multi-morbidity and ISS was undertaken.
157 patients pre-implementation and 172 post-implementation with mean age 83.8 years and 53.8% females were included. Geriatric consultation had no impact on in-hospital mortality [OR 0.70 (95% CI 0.31–1.58)] or length of stay [ß 0.68 (95%CI − 1.35–2.72)]. Patients who received a geriatric consultation were more likely to be discharged home (OR 2.01 (95% CI 1.24–3.24). The adherence to consultation process was 99.4%. Mobility, pain and cognitive impairment were the most common geriatric concerns, identified in 76.6, 61.1 and 50.0% of older trauma patients, respectively.
Older trauma patients that receive geriatric trauma consultation are more likely to be discharged home. Collaboration between trauma and geriatric specialists is beneficial and may lead to meaningful improvements in outcomes for older trauma patients.
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We thank Irina Podinic and Vicki Thomson for assisting with the data collection. We are grateful to Mathieu Lebreton (trauma coordinator) and Laura Wilding (geriatric nurse practitioner) for providing enduring support to the initiative.
This study was funded by a TOHAMO Quality Patient Safety grant from The Ottawa Hospital. The funder had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.
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Lampron, J., Khoury, L., Moors, J. et al. Impact of a geriatric consultation service on outcomes in older trauma patients: a before–after study. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-021-01724-x