Paradigm change in mass casualty incident command by collective leadership and swarm intelligence

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Ashkenazi I, Örtenwall P, Turégano FF. Important learning points arising from the focused issue dedicated to the Terror and Disaster Surgical Care (TDSC®) course on mass casualty incident management. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg Off Publ Eur Trauma Soc. 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-021-01600-8.

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Friemert B, Achatz G, Hoth P, et al. Specificities of terrorist attacks: organisation of the in-hospital patient-flow and treatment strategies. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2020;46(4):673–82. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-020-01390-5.

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Bieler D, Franke A, Blätzinger M, et al. Evaluation of the terror and disaster surgical care course. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg Off Publ Eur Trauma Soc. 2020;46(4):709–16. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-020-01418-w.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Bieler D, Franke A, Kollig E, et al. Terrorist attacks: common injuries and initial surgical management. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2020;46(4):683–94. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-020-01342-z.

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Sri Lanka marks Easter Sunday attack anniversary. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-52357200. Published April 21, 2020. Accessed May 20, 2020.

  6. 6.

    Ratnayake A, Abayajeewa K, Samarakoon S, Worlton T, ESARC group. A call for a global terrorism-related mass casualty incident response research consortium. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2021;47(1):275–6.

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Achatz G, Bieler D, Franke A, Friemert B, and the Deployment D and TSWG of the GTS. Terror preparedness as a service of general interest: the Terror and Disaster Surgical Care (TDSC®)-course. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2020;46(4):671–2.

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Achatz G, Friemert B, Trentzsch H, et al. Terror and disaster surgical care: training experienced trauma surgeons in decision making for a MASCAL situation with a tabletop simulation game. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2020;46:717–24.

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    The Accident & Orthopaedic Service. Accessed January 31, 2021. http://www.nhsl.health.gov.lk/web/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=98&Itemid=296&lang=en.

  10. 10.

    McNulty E, Dorn B, Goralnick E, et al. Swarm intelligence: establishing behavioral norms for the emergence of collective leadership. J Leadersh Educ. 2018;17(2):19–41. https://doi.org/10.12806/V17/I2/R2.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Funding

None.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Tamara Worlton.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

None.

Ethical approval

The opinions or assertions contained herein are the private ones of the author/speaker and are not to be construed as official or reflecting the views of the Department of Defense, the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences or any other agency of the U.S. Government.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Ratnayake, A., Garusinghe, S., Worlton, T. et al. Paradigm change in mass casualty incident command by collective leadership and swarm intelligence. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-021-01680-6

Download citation