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Geriatric patients with dementia show increased mortality and lack of functional recovery after hip fracture treated with hemiprosthesis

Abstract

Purpose

Operative timing, perioperative management and postoperative rehabilitation are rising challenges in orthopedic geriatric trauma. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of patients with dementia or with a high number of comorbidities treated with hemiprosthesis after hip fracture. Literature regarding patients with high comorbidities is scarce, leaving nothing but endoprosthetic treatment for even the sickest, immobile patients.

Methods

A retrospective chart review of 326 patients (mean age 81 ± 9 years; 230 women and 96 men) with hip fractures treated between 2012 and 2017 with a hemiprosthesis was performed. Primary outcome measures were surgical and nonsurgical complication rates, best achievable mobilisation during the hospital stay and mortality.

Results

Patients with dementia had 20-fold increased risk to be bedridden after surgery and ninefold increased risk of dying (p < 0.005). Furthermore, they needed significantly more revision surgeries because of surgical complications. Patients classified ASA IV and V had significantly lower postoperative mobilization levels with only 10% able to walk with crutches and 53% bedridden. They also had significantly more non-surgical complications while dementia had no effect on non-surgical complication rate.

Conclusion

Patients classified ASA IV and V or suffering dementia show poor outcome after hip fracture treated with hemiprosthesis. Multidisciplinary approaches including surgeons, geriatricians, physiotherapists and psychiatrists are needed to improve the outcome of these patients. Especially in a subgroup of patients, where no mobilization is expected, alternative treatment options may be considered.

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Correspondence to Konrad Schuetze.

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Schuetze, K., Eickhoff, A., Rutetzki, KS. et al. Geriatric patients with dementia show increased mortality and lack of functional recovery after hip fracture treated with hemiprosthesis. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg 48, 1827–1833 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-020-01472-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00068-020-01472-4

Keywords

  • Hip fracture
  • Geriatric patients
  • Dementia
  • Outcome