Clinical Neuroradiology

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 43–49

Angiographic C-arm CT visualization of the Woven EndoBridge Cerebral Aneurysm Embolization Device (WEB): First Experience in an Animal Aneurysm Model

  • T. Struffert
  • S. Lang
  • E. Adamek
  • T. Engelhorn
  • C. M. Strother
  • A. Doerfler
Original Article

Abstract

Introduction

Improvements in the imaging capabilities of angiographic C-arm computed tomography (CT) using flat detector angiographic (FD-CT) systems now provide a means for the in vivo visualization of devices used for the treatment of intracranial aneurysms. One such device, the WEB embolization device, is made of a braided mesh of nitinol wires, the size of which are near to the limits of visualization using conventional x-ray fluoroscopy. Our hypothesis was that the imaging of these implants C-arm CT would provide useful information regarding their positioning and deployment.

Methods

In five New Zealand white rabbits elastase induced aneurysms were created and subsequently treated using a WEB. Imaging was performed using digital subtraction angiography (DSA), X-ray imaging and two different Angiographic C-arm CT protocols. The images were evaluated by two neuroradiologists using an evaluation scale.

Results

The mesh of the WEB was barely visible on the DSA or x-ray fluoroscopy images. Volume rendering technique (VRT) reconstruction and multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) of images done using the C-arm CT protocols clearly delineated the shape and structure of the device. Contrast-enhanced MPR and VRT reconstructions allowed assessment of the status of blood flow in the aneurysms. Beam hardening artifacts caused by platinum markers on the WEB were present.

Conclusion

In vivo C-arm CT imaging of the WEB is feasible and allows precise determination of the position and deployment status of the device. On contrast-enhanced images the occlusion status of aneurysms and the positioning of the WEB in relationship to the parent artery can be evaluated. C-arm-CT may serve as a minimal-invasive follow-up imaging modality.

Keywords

WEB device Flat-detector computed tomography Angiographic C-arm CT Endovascular treatment aneurysm 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Struffert
    • 1
  • S. Lang
    • 1
  • E. Adamek
    • 1
  • T. Engelhorn
    • 1
  • C. M. Strother
    • 2
  • A. Doerfler
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeuroradiologyUniversity of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyUniversity of WisconsinMadisonUSA

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