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Primary open treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease

Die primär offene Behandlung des sakrokokzygealen Pilonidalsinus

An Erratum to this article was published on 04 April 2019

This article has been updated



Surgical management of sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease ranges from pit/sinus procedures through excision with healing by secondary intent to various flap techniques. Short- and long-term outcomes differ between surgeons and techniques.


An overview of primary open treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease, including technique, wound complications and recurrence is presented.

Materials and methods

Relevant articles were identified from PubMed.


Of the three primary open treatment procedures (deroofing, marsupialization and wide local excision), marsupialization may have the lowest recurrence rate. Primary open treatment has a significant rate of non-healing as well as recurrence.


Primary open treatment is widely practiced but wound healing may be a challenge for the patient and recurrence a challenge for the surgeon.



Die chirurgische Behandlung des sakrokokzygealen Pilonidalsinus umfasst multiple Techniken – von der Sinusexzision mit primär offener Behandlung bis hin zu verschiedenen Lappenplastiken. Kurz- und Langzeitergebnisse sind wesentlich vom Chirurgen und der von ihm angewandten Technik abhängig.

Ziel der Arbeit

Ziel der vorliegenden Studie ist es, einen Überblick über die Methoden der primär offenen Behandlung des Pilonidalsinus einschließlich Technik, Komplikationen und Rezidivraten zu geben.

Material und Methoden

Relevante Artikel sind aus der Datenbank PubMed entnommen und zusammengefasst worden.


Von den 3 primär offenen Methoden Entdachung, Marsupialisation und weit offener Exzision weist die Marsupialisation die niedrigste Rezidivrate auf. Bei der primär offenen Behandlung nach weiter lokaler Exzision besteht eine signifikante Rate an ausbleibenden Heilungen und Rezidiven.


Die primär offene Behandlung mit weiter Exzision wird zwar oft angewendet, kann aber in der Wundbehandlung eine Herausforderung für den Patienten und bei Rezidiven eine Herausforderung für den Chirurgen bedeuten.

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Change history


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Correspondence to A. P. Wysocki MBBS, FRACS.

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Conflict of interest

A. P. Wysocki routinely performs the Anderson modified Karydakis flap for primary and recurrent pilonidal disease. A. P. Wysocki was a sponsored speaker at the AcelityTM Asia Wound Forum in 2018. AcelityTM is a manufacturer of negative-pressure wound therapy devices.

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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Wysocki, A.P. Primary open treatment of sacrococcygeal pilonidal disease. coloproctology 41, 106–109 (2019).

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