Medicinal Chemistry Research

, Volume 27, Issue 8, pp 2042–2049 | Cite as

Cytotoxicity against cholangiocarcinoma and HepG2 cell lines of lignan derivatives from Hernandia nymphaeifolia

  • Jittra Suthiwong
  • Jaroon Wandee
  • Siripit Pitchuanchom
  • Punchapat Sojikul
  • Veerapol Kukongviriyapan
  • Chavi YenjaiEmail author
Original Research


Twelve lignan derivatives were synthesized from deoxypodophyllotoxin isolated from Hernandia nymphaeifolia. Cytotoxicity evaluation against cholangiocarcinoma, KKU-100, and HepG2 cell lines showed that compounds 3, 9, 10, and 13 exhibited stronger cytotoxicity than the starting material, 1, with IC50 ranging from 0.42 to 2.01 μM. Compound 10 displayed interesting activity by showing IC50 values of 0.75 and 0.46 μM against KKU-100 and HepG2 cell lines, respectively. From these observation, 10 seems to be useful as a lead compound for the development of anticancer agents.


Hernandia nymphaeifolia Deoxypodophyllotoxin KKU-100 HepG2 



The Post-Doctoral Training Program from Research Affairs and Graduate School, Khon Kaen University for Jittra Suthiwong is acknowledged (Grant no. 590012). This work was supported by the Thailand Research Fund (RSA5980022), Khon Kaen University and The Center of Excellence for Innovation in Chemistry (PERCH-CIC), Office of the Higher Education Commission, Ministry of Education.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

44_2018_2214_MOESM1_ESM.docx (3.3 mb)
Supplementary Information


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jittra Suthiwong
    • 1
  • Jaroon Wandee
    • 2
  • Siripit Pitchuanchom
    • 3
  • Punchapat Sojikul
    • 4
  • Veerapol Kukongviriyapan
    • 2
  • Chavi Yenjai
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Natural Products Research Unit, The Center of Excellence for Innovation in ChemistryKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  2. 2.Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of MedicineKhon Kaen UniversityKhon KaenThailand
  3. 3.Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Natural Products Research Unit, The Center of Excellence for Innovation in ChemistryMahasarakham UniversityMahasarakhamThailand
  4. 4.Department of Biotechnology, Faculty of ScienceMahidol UniversityBangkokThailand

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