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Insectes Sociaux

, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 41–49 | Cite as

‘Magnetic’ termite mounds: is their unique shape an adaptation to facilitate gas exchange and improve food storage?

  • A. M. Schmidt
  • P. Jacklyn
  • J. Korb
Research Article

Abstract

Social insects can build impressive nest mounds but the functional significance of their architecture is rarely studied in experiments. The ‘magnetic’ termite mounds of monsoonal northern Australia built by Amitermes meridionalis are notable for their elongated wedge shape and north–south axial orientation. We tested whether the shape is an adaptation to facilitate gas exchange and the preservation of food stores by two experimental manipulations of mounds in situ covering all seasons. First, mounds were shaded to limit drying after rain and second, mound shape was amended from wedge to (approximate) sphere. Food storage, fungal contamination, and internal CO2 concentration were unaffected by manipulation, but showed a distinct seasonal dynamic, with storage peaking towards the onset of rains and fungal load towards the end of the rainy season. Internal CO2 concentrations were subject to a diurnal cycle, but also showed elevation during rains. We propose that one advantage of the wedge shape is the efficient use of building effort to achieve good passive ventilation for the food storage areas.

Keywords

Amitermes meridionalis Social insects Meridional Mound architecture Thermoregulation Building 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Christine Schauer, Phil Hickey, and Craig Hempel for assistance in the field, the members of the School for Environmental Research at the Charles Darwin University for their logistic support and Environment Australia for permission to do field work. We also thank colleagues and the reviewers for helpful comments on the manuscript. This study was supported by a research grant to J. K. provided by the German Science Foundation (KO 1895/7-1).

Supplementary material

40_2013_322_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (935 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 934 kb)

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Copyright information

© International Union for the Study of Social Insects (IUSSI) 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Behavioral BiologyUniversity of OsnabrueckOsnabrueckGermany
  2. 2.Research Institute for the Environments and LivelihoodsCharles Darwin UniversityDarwinAustralia
  3. 3.Evolutionary Biology and EcologyUniversity of FreiburgFreiburgGermany

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