Insectes Sociaux

, Volume 56, Issue 2, pp 143–147 | Cite as

Intercontinental union of Argentine ants: behavioral relationships among introduced populations in Europe, North America, and Asia

  • E. Sunamura
  • X. Espadaler
  • H. Sakamoto
  • S. Suzuki
  • M. Terayama
  • S. Tatsuki
Research Article

Abstract

Many invasive ants, including the Argentine ant Linepithema humile, form expansive supercolonies, within which intraspecific aggression is absent. The behavioral relationships among introduced Argentine ant populations at within-country or within-continent scales have been studied previously, but the behavioral relationships among intercontinental populations have not been examined. The present study investigated the levels of aggression among intercontinental Argentine ant populations by transporting live ants from Europe and California to Japan and conducting aggression tests against Japanese populations. Workers from the dominant supercolonies of Europe and California did not show aggressive behavior toward workers from the dominant supercolony of Japan, whereas they fought vigorously against workers from minor supercolonies. The three massive supercolonies, together with Argentine ants from Macaronesia, may be the largest non-aggressive unit formed by a social insect species in which intraspecific aggression exists. Absence or low levels of aggression at transcontinental scale, which may have derived from low genetic variation, may help introduced Argentine ants maintain expansive supercolonies. The lack of aggression implies possible frequent exchanges of individuals among the intercontinental populations mediated by human activities.

Keywords

Biological invasions Intraspecific aggression Invasion history Linepithema humile Supercolony 

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Copyright information

© Birkhäuser Verlag, Basel/Switzerland 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Sunamura
    • 1
  • X. Espadaler
    • 2
  • H. Sakamoto
    • 3
  • S. Suzuki
    • 1
  • M. Terayama
    • 1
  • S. Tatsuki
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Agricultural and Life SciencesThe University of TokyoTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Departament de Biologia Animal, de Biologia Vegetal i d’EcologiaUniversitat Autònoma de BarcelonaBellaterraSpain
  3. 3.National Institute for Agro-Environmental SciencesTsukubaJapan

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