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Childhood trauma and depressive symptoms in pregnant adolescents in Southern Brazil

  • Renata Aver Bretanha Ribeiro
  • Bárbara Borges Rubin
  • Rochele Dias Castelli
  • Mariana Bonati de Matos
  • Fernanda Teixeira Coelho
  • Fábio Monteiro da Cunha Coelho
  • Karen Amaral Tavares Pinheiro
  • Ricardo Azevedo da Silva
  • Luciana de Avila QuevedoEmail author
  • Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro
Original article

Abstract

Objectives

This study aimed to investigate the association between child maltreatment and depressive symptomatology during gestation in adolescents.

Methods

This was a cross-sectional study with pregnant adolescents aged 12 to 19 years. Data were collected with the Beck Depression Inventory, Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview.

Results

Compared to adolescents who did not experience each type of neglect or abuse, experiencing them was associated with a higher proportion of depressive symptoms: emotional neglect PR = 1.4 (95% CI 1.1; 1.8); physical neglect PR = 1.7 (95% CI 1.3; 1.7); emotional abuse PR = 1.8 (95% CI 1.4; 2.2); and physical abuse PR = 1.3 (95% CI 1.1; 1.7).

Conclusions

This study demonstrates the association between childhood experiences and mental health in adolescence, especially in vulnerable samples, such as pregnant adolescents. This finding reveals the importance of studying early trauma in life and enabling preventive help, especially in adolescents. High-quality evidence of perinatal mental health problems should be generated to make pregnancy safer for women in low- and middle-income countries.

Keywords

Childhood trauma Depression Pregnancy Pregnancy adolescents Adolescence Depressive symptoms Trauma Abuse Pregnant 

Notes

Funding

National Council of Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all participants included in the study or their parents.

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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Renata Aver Bretanha Ribeiro
    • 1
  • Bárbara Borges Rubin
    • 1
  • Rochele Dias Castelli
    • 1
  • Mariana Bonati de Matos
    • 1
  • Fernanda Teixeira Coelho
    • 1
  • Fábio Monteiro da Cunha Coelho
    • 1
  • Karen Amaral Tavares Pinheiro
    • 1
  • Ricardo Azevedo da Silva
    • 1
  • Luciana de Avila Quevedo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro
    • 1
  1. 1.Postgraduate Programme in Health and BehaviorCatolic University of Pelotas-UCPelPelotasBrazil

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