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Household food insecurity and its association with anaemia in Mexican children: National Health and Nutrition Survey 2012

  • Guiuly Oddet Palacios-Rodríguez
  • Verónica Mundo-RosasEmail author
  • Socorro Parra-Cabrera
  • Armando García-Guerra
  • Carlos Galindo-Gómez
  • Ignacio Méndez Gómez-Humarán
Original article

Abstract

Objectives

To assess the association between household food insecurity (FI) and the presence of anaemia among Mexican children who were between 12 and 59 months old, and to determine whether this association differs by geographical regions.

Methods

We analysed 7468 children of ages between 12 and 59 months, based on data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT 2012). Haemoglobin was measured in capillary blood. Household FI levels were defined according to the Latin American and Caribbean Food Security Scale. An ordinal logistic regression model was developed to assess the relationship between FI and anaemia. The interaction between geographical regions and FI was determined.

Results

The highest proportion of anaemia occurred in children with severe household FI (24.3%), compared to those from households with food security (21.2%). Children from severe FI households have a higher adjusted prevalence of anaemia than those from households with food security. FI and anaemia were associated mainly among children residing in the southern region of Mexico.

Conclusions

Our findings can contribute to a better understanding of FI and anaemia in children and to strengthen interventions to address these problems.

Keywords

Anaemia Food security Preschool children Mexico Nutrition survey Food supply 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethics approval and consent to participate

The ENSANUT-2012 protocol was approved by the Research Ethics Committee and the Research and Biosecurity Commissions of the National Institute of Public Health, in Mexico (INSP, Spanish acronym). The parents/custodians of the participating children were fully informed of the study objectives and procedures and signed an informed consent form authorizing the collection of data on their household socioeconomic and food insecurity conditions, as well as the measurement of their children’s anthropometric characteristics and Hb concentrations. Funding was provided by the Health Ministry of Mexico for the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey.

Supplementary material

38_2019_1305_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (299 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 299 kb)

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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guiuly Oddet Palacios-Rodríguez
    • 1
  • Verónica Mundo-Rosas
    • 2
    Email author
  • Socorro Parra-Cabrera
    • 3
  • Armando García-Guerra
    • 4
  • Carlos Galindo-Gómez
    • 5
  • Ignacio Méndez Gómez-Humarán
    • 6
  1. 1.School of Public Health of MexicoNational Institute of Public HealthCuernavacaMexico
  2. 2.Center for Evaluation Research and SurveysNational Institute of Public HealthCuernavacaMexico
  3. 3.Center of Population Health ResearchNational Institute of Public HealthCuernavacaMexico
  4. 4.Center of Nutrition and Health ResearchNational Institute of Public HealthCuernavacaMexico
  5. 5.Nutrition DivisionNational Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition “Salvador Zubirán”Mexico CityMexico
  6. 6.Center for Mathematical Research, Aguascalientes UnitAguascalientesMexico

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