Worldwide trends in suicide mortality from 1990 to 2015 with a focus on the global recession time frame
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To report worldwide trends in suicide mortality during a period that covers 7 years after the 2008 global crisis.
We performed a time trend analysis with joinpoint regression.
Over the 2000s, suicide mortality decreased with the largest declines observed in some Eastern European countries. The downward trends were followed by an increase in concomitance with the 2008 global crisis in some countries, including Greece (annual percentage change = + 6 in men and + 11.8 in women), the Netherlands (+ 4.2 in men and + 4.0 in women), and the UK (+ 1.6 in men), while the pre-crisis downward trends stopped in Germany, Italy, and Spain. The joinpoint analysis also revealed long-term rises in Brazil (+ 0.8 since 1990 in men and + 1.8 since 1999 in women), Mexico (+ 1.3 since 1995 in men and + 3.6 since 1990 in women), the USA (+ 1.7 since 2005 in men and + 4.2 since 2010 in women), and Australia (+ 1.8 in men and + 3.7 in women, since 2006 in both sexes).
Despite downward trends in several areas of the world, in some countries suicide rates increased since the 2008 global crisis.
KeywordsSuicide Mortality Trends Financial crisis
This study was supported by the Italian Association for Cancer Research (AIRC, Project No. 18440), MIUR (Ministero dell’Istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca), and by SIR (Scientific Independence of Young Researchers, 2014 Grant, Project RBSI1465UH).
CLV conceived and PB designed the study. PB and GA performed the data analysis and drafted the manuscript. All authors participated equally in the interpretation of the results. PB has full responsibility for the overall content of the manuscript.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All data used in this manuscript are publicly available in the WHO mortality database. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2014 (http://www.who.int/healthinfo/statistics/mortality_rawdata/en/index.html) and Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), Health Information Platform for the Americas (http://www.paho.org/data/index.php/en/indicators/demographics-core/308-poblacion-nac-en.html).
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