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Does level of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder symptoms predicts poor transition into adulthood?

  • Stéphanie Baggio
  • Joseph Studer
  • Ana Fructuoso
  • Véronique S. Grazioli
  • Patrick Heller
  • Hans Wolff
  • Gerhard Gmel
  • Nader Perroud
Original Article

Abstract

Objectives

Transition into adulthood is a risky period for young people with attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), but empirical studies on this topic are scarce. This study investigated the association between the level of ADHD symptoms and transition into adulthood.

Methods

Data were collected in the Cohort Study of Substance Use and Risk Factors among a representative sample of young Swiss men (n = 4681) over three waves. Measures included the level of ADHD symptoms and emerging adulthood assessed with the Inventory of the Dimensions of Emerging Adulthood and indicators of successful transition into adulthood.

Results

The level of ADHD symptoms was associated with a lower success in the transition into adulthood. Young people with high level of ADHD symptoms had a reduced increase in indicators of successful transition over time. Inattention symptoms were more strongly associated with emerging adulthood measures in comparison with hyperactive symptoms.

Conclusions

The level of ADHD symptoms may delay the transition into adulthood, especially inattentive symptoms. Providing tailored interventions to emerging adults with ADHD symptoms may decrease the substantial impairments adults with ADHD experience in life.

Keywords

Functional impairment Health care IDEA Mental health 

Notes

Funding

The C-SURF study was granted by the Swiss National Science Foundation (Project No. 148493).

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stéphanie Baggio
    • 1
    • 2
  • Joseph Studer
    • 3
  • Ana Fructuoso
    • 1
  • Véronique S. Grazioli
    • 3
  • Patrick Heller
    • 1
  • Hans Wolff
    • 1
  • Gerhard Gmel
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
    • 6
  • Nader Perroud
    • 7
  1. 1.Division of Prison HealthGeneva University Hospitals and University of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland
  2. 2.Life Course and Social Inequality Research CentreUniversity of LausanneLausanneSwitzerland
  3. 3.Alcohol Treatment CentreLausanne University Hospital CHUVLausanneSwitzerland
  4. 4.Addiction SwitzerlandLausanneSwitzerland
  5. 5.Centre for Addiction and Mental HealthTorontoCanada
  6. 6.University of the West of EnglandBristolUK
  7. 7.Division of Psychiatric Specialties, Department of Mental Health and PsychiatryUniversity Hospitals of GenevaGenevaSwitzerland

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