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Table 3 Socio-demographic Index (SDI); years of life lost (YLL), years lived with disability (YLD), and disability-adjusted life years (DALY) rates and percent change; and YLL/YLD ratio for maternal causes in the Eastern Mediterranean Region, women ages 15–49, 1990–2015 (Global Burden of Disease 2015 study, Eastern Mediterranean countries, 1990–2015)

From: Maternal mortality and morbidity burden in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

Country SDI YLL rate (per 100,000) YLD rate (per 100,000) YLL/YLD ratio DALY rate (per 100,000)
1990 2015 % change 1990 2015 % change 1990 2015 1990 2015 % change
Eastern Mediterranean Region 0.55 600 (512–694) 354 (281–435) −41 39 (27–52) 22 (15–30) −43 15.38 16.09 639 (549–735) 376 (303–457) −41
Afghanistan 0.29 2036 (1253–3135) 1431 (842–2218) −30 26 (17–37) 16 (10–23) −39 78.31 89.44 2062 (1274–3160) 1446 (856–2233) −30
Bahrain 0.78 85 (63–116) 19 (14–27) −78 14 (9–21) 6 (4–10) −56 6.07 3.17 99 (77–132) 25 (19–33) −75
Djibouti 0.46 869 (357–1586) 681 (274–1901) −22 68 (45–98) 48 (31–68) −30 12.78 14.19 937 (424–1659) 729 (319–1941) −22
Egypt 0.62 274 (229–319) 65 (50–82) −76 15 (9–21) 11 (7–17) −26 18.27 5.91 289 (245–333) 76 (61–94) −74
Iran 0.72 104 (71–146) 19 (13–29) −81 15 (9–22) 7 (4–10) −56 6.93 2.71 119 (84–162) 26 (19–37) −78
Iraq 0.58 312 (226–417) 109 (63–178) −65 17 (10–24) 13 (8–20) −21 18.35 8.38 329 (241–436) 122 (75–190) −63
Jordan 0.7 196 (149–252) 35 (26–46) −82 20 (13–30) 14 (8–22) −31 9.80 2.50 216 (168–271) 49 (37–61) −77
Kuwait 0.86 10 (9–13) 6 (4–8) −43 6 (4–9) 5 (3–8) −9 1.67 1.20 16 (14–20) 11 (9–15) −30
Lebanon 0.75 51 (33–79) 13 (8–21) −74 10 (6–15) 5 (3–8) −47 5.10 2.60 61 (42–90) 18 (13–27) −70
Libya 0.64 41 (29–56) 24 (16–34) −42 12 (8–18) 8 (5–13) −34 3.42 3.00 54 (41–69) 32 (23–43) −40
Morocco 0.5 541 (418–714) 74 (47–117) −86 15 (9–22) 9 (5–14) −41 36.07 8.22 556 (432–730) 83 (54–127) −85
Oman 0.73 71 (42–113) 15 (11–21) −78 18 (11–26) 7 (4–12) −59 3.94 2.14 88 (58–131) 23 (17–30) −74
Pakistan 0.47 910 (696–1142) 581 (426–744) −36 74 (50–102) 41 (28–57) −45 12.30 14.17 984 (777–1213) 622 (469–784) −37
Palestine 0.57 76 (50–113) 29 (21–43) −62 19 (12–28) 12 (7–18) −38 4.00 2.42 95 (66–132) 41 (32–55) −57
Qatar 0.8 77 (51–110) 16 (11–23) −79 10 (6–15) 4 (3–7) −55 7.70 4.00 87 (60–120) 21 (14–27) −76
Saudi Arabia 0.76 42 (32–55) 16 (14–19) −61 16 (10–24) 8 (5–12) −49 2.63 2.00 58 (46–72) 25 (20–30) −58
Somalia 0.15 2144 (361–5693) 1741 (341–5215) −19 102 (68–149) 61 (42–87) −40 21.02 28.54 2246 (464–5797) 1802 (409–5273) −20
Sudan 0.43 1159 (758–1561) 526 (284–785) −55 43 (28–64) 26 (17–36) −41 26.95 20.23 1202 (803–1602) 552 (306–810) −54
Syria 0.58 264 (199–341) 74 (56–97) −72 17 (11–26) 10 (6–16) −42 15.53 7.40 281 (216–357) 84 (65–106) −70
Tunisia 0.65 128 (100–163) 39 (26–55) −69 11 (7–17) 7 (4–11) −36 11.64 5.57 140 (110–175) 47 (33–63) −67
United Arab Emirates 0.88 44 (28–68) 10 (6–16) −77 11 (7–16) 3 (2–5) −72 4.00 3.33 55 (37–79) 13 (9–19) −76
Yemen 0.41 1235 (656–1865) 562 (304–1058) −55 104 (73–141) 42 (29–59) −60 11.88 13.38 1339 (754–1982) 604 (347–1103) −55