International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 62, Supplement 1, pp 51–61

Longitudinal associations between bullying and mental health among adolescents in Vietnam

  • Ha Thi Hai Le
  • Huong Thanh Nguyen
  • Marilyn A. Campbell
  • Michelle L. Gatton
  • Nam T. Tran
  • Michael P. Dunne
Original Article

Abstract

Objectives

This study measured bullying roles across an academic year and examined how change in bullying experiences is associated with symptoms of depression, psychological distress, and suicidal ideation among adolescents in Vietnam.

Methods

1424 students in middle and high schools completed two self-administered questionnaires, six months apart in 2014–2015.

Results

Students who were victimised often and those who were classified as highly involved as both victims and bullies at one or both survey times showed significantly higher levels of depression, psychological distress, and suicidal ideation than other students. The mental health of adolescents who were involved in bullying as a victim or bully remained at low levels was generally similar to those not involved in any bullying. However, females who had stable but low level in victimisation or bully–victim status had worse mental health than males with stable-low-level exposure.

Conclusion

This is the first longitudinal analysis of bullying among adolescents in Vietnam. Persistent and frequent bullying was strongly linked with poor mental health for males and females. A new observation is that Vietnamese girls appear to be more sensitive to low level but long-term bullying involvement than were boys.

Keywords

Bullying Cyberbullying Adolescents Longitudinal study Mental health Vietnam 

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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ha Thi Hai Le
    • 1
    • 3
  • Huong Thanh Nguyen
    • 1
  • Marilyn A. Campbell
    • 2
  • Michelle L. Gatton
    • 3
  • Nam T. Tran
    • 4
    • 5
  • Michael P. Dunne
    • 3
    • 6
  1. 1.Faculty of Social Sciences and Health EducationHanoi University of Public HealthHanoiVietnam
  2. 2.Faculty of EducationQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia
  3. 3.Faculty of HealthQueensland University of TechnologyBrisbaneAustralia
  4. 4.Faculty of SociologyAcademy of Journalism and CommunicationHanoiVietnam
  5. 5.Institute for Social Science ResearchThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  6. 6.Institute for Community Health ResearchHue University of Medicine and PharmacyHueVietnam

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