International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 62, Issue 1, pp 153–162

Are stunted young Indonesian children more likely to be overweight, thin, or have high blood pressure in adolescence?

  • Cut Novianti Rachmi
  • Kingsley Emwinyore Agho
  • Mu Li
  • Louise Alison Baur
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s00038-016-0905-x

Cite this article as:
Rachmi, C.N., Agho, K.E., Li, M. et al. Int J Public Health (2017) 62: 153. doi:10.1007/s00038-016-0905-x



To determine whether stunted young children are at greater risk of (1) overweight/obesity or thinness, and (2) high blood pressure (HBP) in adolescence.


A secondary data analysis using the Indonesian Family Life Survey waves 1 (1993) to 4 (2007). We generated a 14-year follow-up cohort (1993–2007) and two 7-year cohorts (1993–2000 and 2000–2007) of children aged 2.0–4.9 years. Stunting (HAZ < −2), thinness (BMIZ < −2), and overweight/obesity (BMIZ > +1) were determined based upon the WHO Child Growth Standards. HBP (>90th percentile) was interpreted using the 4th Report on the Diagnosis of HBP in Children and Adolescents.


765, 1083, and 1589 children were included in the 14-year cohort, and the two 7-year cohort analyses, respectively. In the 7-year cohorts, early life stunting was inversely associated with overweight/obesity (prevalence ratio 0.32 and 0.38, respectively; P < 0.05), but no significant association was found with the 14-year cohort. There was no significant association between childhood stunting and thinness at adolescence or in the odds/likelihood of having high systolic or diastolic blood pressure.


We found no association between early life stunting and overweight/obesity, thinness and HBP in adolescence.


Stunting Overweight/obesity Double burden Cohorts Indonesia Children 

Supplementary material

38_2016_905_MOESM1_ESM.docx (117 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 117 kb)

Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cut Novianti Rachmi
    • 1
  • Kingsley Emwinyore Agho
    • 2
  • Mu Li
    • 3
  • Louise Alison Baur
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Discipline of Child and Adolescent HealthThe Children’s Hospital at Westmead (University of Sydney Clinical School)SydneyAustralia
  2. 2.School of Science and HealthWestern Sydney UniversitySydneyAustralia
  3. 3.Sydney School of Public HealthThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia

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