To consider the stage of implementation of main competences and EPHO skills in selected schools of public health in four European countries—France, Poland, Portugal, and the UK.
By use of visual analogue scales (VAS) ranging 1–5, the leads of three schools of public health (SPH) in each of the four countries, France, Poland, Portugal and the UK, reported the strength of intellectual and practical competences as well as skills to perform essential public health operations (EPHOs), offered by their education and training programmes.
The self-reports indicated substantial coverage of the multidimensional public health discipline. Each country representation had its overall characteristic profile, and there was found noteworthy within-country as well as between-country variation.
The schools should meet the challenge of establishing collaborative networks, which will be important for public health strategy making and implementation, for shaping a coherent public health profession, and thus ultimately for population health. This pilot report should be followed up by more systematically penetrating and comprehensive analyses to identify met and unmet needs in public health education and training.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Bertoncello C, Buja A, Silenzi A, Specchia ML, Francino G, Lazarri A, Baldo V, Ricciardi W, Damiani G (2015) Good governance competencies in public health to train public health physicians. Int J Public Health 60:737–749
Birt C, Foldspang A (eds) (2011a) Philosophy, process and vision. ASPHER’s European Public Health Core Competences Programme. ASPHER Publication No. 7. ASPHER, Brussels
Birt C, Foldspang A (eds) (2011b) European Core Competences for Public Health Professionals (ECCPHP). ASPHER’s European Public Health Core Competences Programme. ASPHER Publication No. 5. ASPHER, Brussels
Birt C, Foldspang A (eds) (2011c) European Core Competences for MPH Education (ECCMPHE). ASPHER’s European Public Health Core Competences Programme. ASPHER Publication No. 6. ASPHER, Brussels
Bjegovic-Mikanovic V, Vukovic D, Otok R, Czabanowska K, Laaser U (2013) Education and training of public health professionals in the European Region: variation and convergence. Int J Public Health 58:801–810
Bjegovic-Mikanovic V, Foldspang A, Jakubowski E, Müller-Nordhorn J, Otok R, Stjernberg L (2015) Developing the public health workforce. Eurohealth 21:24–27
Foldspang A (ed) (2007) Provisional lists of public health core competences. European Core Competencies Programme for Public Health Education. Phase 1. ASPHER Series No. 2. ASPHER, Brussels
Foldspang A (ed) (2008) Provisional lists of public health core competences. European Core Competencies Programme for Public Health Education. Phase 2. ASPHER Series No. 4. ASPHER, Brussels
Foldspang A (2015) Towards a public health profession: the roles of essential public health operations (EPHOs) and lists of competences. Editorial. Eur J Public Health 25:361–362
Foldspang A, Otok R, Czabanowska K, Bjegovic-Mikanovic V (2014) Developing the Public Health Workforce in Europe. The European Public Health Reference Framework (EPHRF): It’s Council and Online Repository. Concepts and Policy Brief. ASPHER, Brussels
Frank M, Weihofen A, Duetz Schmucki M, Nocera S, Paccaud F (2013) Public Health Workforce in Switzerland: a National Census. Swiss School of Public Health+, Zürich, Switzerland, Federal Office of Public Health, Bern
Martin-Moreno J (2015) Self assessment tool for the evaluation of essential public health operations in the WHO European Region. World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen
Paccaud F, Weihofen A, Frank M (2013) Public Health Workforce in Switzerland: are public health workers lacking? Editorial. Int J Public Health 58:799–800
Vukovic D, Bjegovic-Mikanovic V, Otok R, Czabanowska K, Nikolic Z, Laaser (2014) Which level of competence and performance is expected? A survey among European employers of public health professionals. Int J Public Health 59:15–30
World Health Organization (2012) European Action Plan for Strengthening Public Health Capacities and Services. World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe, Copenhagen. http://www.euro.who.int/__data/assets/pdf_file/0005/171770/RC62wd12rev1-Eng.pdf?ua=1
We are grateful to our colleagues, who participated and performed the data collection in the four countries.
Conflict of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
About this article
Cite this article
Otok, R., Foldspang, A. Main competences and skills to perform Essential Public Health Operations, offered by Schools of Public Health in four European countries: a short pilot report. Int J Public Health 61, 633–639 (2016). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-016-0870-4
- Public health
- Public health education
- Public health training
- Public health competences, essential public health operations