International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 61, Issue 8, pp 935–943 | Cite as

Reducing violence in poor urban areas of Honduras by building community resilience through community-based interventions

  • Nete Sloth Hansen-Nord
  • Finn Kjaerulf
  • Juan Almendarez
  • Victor Morales Rodas
  • Julio Castro
Original Article



To examine the impact of a 3 year community-based violence prevention intervention on risk of violence and social capital in two poor urban communities in Honduras in 2011–2014.


A quasi-experimental design pre and post implementation of the intervention was conducted based on data from two randomly selected samples using the same structured questionnaire in 2011 and in 2014.


Community members had a 42 % lower risk of violence in 2014 compared to 2011. There was a positive relation between participation in the intervention and structural social capital, and participants had more than twice the likelihood of engaging in citizenship activities compared to the general population.


The intervention contributed to decreasing violence and increasing community resilience in two urban areas in Honduras. Citizenship activities and active community participation in the violence prevention agenda rather than social trust and cohesion characteristics was affected by the intervention. This research introduces important lessons learned to future researchers aiming to retrieve very sensitive data in a similarly violent setting, and provides strong research opportunities within areas, which to this date remain undiscovered.


Violence prevention Intervention Social capital Resilience 



The authors thank the study respondents for their participation in this study. Special thanks to Dr. Shr-Jie Sharlenna Wang for her statistical support in the data analysis and Anna-Sofia Yurtaslan for assisting in proof reading of the final manuscript. DIGNITY Danish Institute Against Torture funded this research.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All procedures were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. There were no conflicts of interest.


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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nete Sloth Hansen-Nord
    • 1
  • Finn Kjaerulf
    • 1
  • Juan Almendarez
    • 2
  • Victor Morales Rodas
    • 2
  • Julio Castro
    • 2
  1. 1.DIGNITY Danish Institute Against TortureCopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.The Centre for Prevention and Rehabilitation of Victims of Torture and Their Families (CPTRT)TegucigalpaHonduras

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