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See what we say: using concept mapping to visualize Latino immigrant’s strategies for health interventions



Researchers need specific tools to engage community members in health intervention development to ensure that efforts are contextually appropriate for immigrant populations. The purpose of the study was to generate and prioritize strategies to address obesity, stress and coping, and healthcare navigation that are contextually appropriate and applicable to the Latino immigrant community in Cincinnati, Ohio, and then use the results to develop specific interventions to improve Latino health in our area.


A community-academic research team used concept mapping methodology with over 200 Latino immigrants and Latino-serving providers. A community intervention planning session was held to share the final concept maps and vote on strategies.


The concept maps and results from the intervention planning session emphasized a community lay health worker model to connect the Latino immigrant community with resources to address obesity, stress and coping, and healthcare navigation.


Concept maps allowed for the visualization of health intervention strategies prioritized by the larger Latino immigrant community. Concept maps revealed the appropriate content for health interventions as well as the process community members preferred for intervention delivery.

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Special thanks to Mahima Venkatesh for help with Spanish translations and to Robin Lindquist-Grantz for assistance with eliminating redundancies in the original concept mapping responses. The project was made possible by a seed grant given by UC LEAF (University of Cincinnati Leadership Empowerment Advancement for Women STEM Faculty), a National Science Foundation ADVANCE grant-funded organization.

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Corresponding author

Correspondence to Lisa M. Vaughn.

Ethics declarations


This study was funded by a seed grant given by UC LEAF (University of Cincinnati Leadership Empowerment Advancement for Women STEM Faculty), a National Science Foundation ADVANCE grant-funded organization.

Conflict of interest

Authors A, B, C, D all declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval and consent

Because data was anonymous and intended to address health concerns for Cincinnati Latino immigrants, the institutional review board issued a non-human subjects’ determination which meant that the study team rather than the institutional review board was responsible for ethical oversight. All study procedures followed ethical standards, and participants consented to respond to the survey.

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Vaughn, L.M., Jacquez, F., Marschner, D. et al. See what we say: using concept mapping to visualize Latino immigrant’s strategies for health interventions. Int J Public Health 61, 837–845 (2016).

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  • Latino/Hispanic
  • Concept mapping
  • Cincinnati
  • Community-based participatory research
  • Community health intervention